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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (06): 886-897.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2016.00886


Accumulation, Distribution, and Utilization Characteristics of Phosphorus in Yongyou 12 Yielding over 13.5 t ha-1#br#

WEI Huan-He1,MENG Tian-Yao1,LI Chao1,ZHANG Hong-Cheng1,*,DAI Qi-Gen1,*,MA Rong-Rong2,WANG Xiao-Yan3,YANG Jun-Wen4   

  1. 1 Innovation Center of Rice Cultivation Technology in Yangtze River Valley, Ministry of Agriculture / Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China; 2 Crop Research Institute, Ningbo Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo 315101, China; 3 Ningbo Seed Company of Zhejiang Province, Ningbo 315101, China; 4 Ningbo City Yinzhou District Agricultural Technology Extension and Service, Ningbo 315100, China
  • Received:2015-11-07 Revised:2016-03-14 Online:2016-06-12 Published:2016-03-22
  • Contact: 张洪程, E-mail: hczhang@yzu.edu.cn; 戴其根, E-mail: qgdai@yzu.edu.cn E-mail:920964110@qq.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by China Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest (201303102), the Special Program of Super Rice of the Ministry of Agricultural (02318802013231),the Great Technology Project of Ningbo City (2013C11001), the Key Projects of Jiangsu Province (BE2015340), Innovative Training Program of Yangzhou University (KYLX15_1371), Science and Technology Innovation Fund of Yangzhou University (2015CXJ042), and Precise Diagnosis and Management of Control Technology Based On Modelling and GIS of Gaoyou City (SXGC[2013]248).


In order to determine the absorption and accumulation of phosphorus (P) in super high yielding rice population of Yongyou 12, the field experiments were conducted with these populations of high yield (HY, 10.5–12.0 t ha-1), higher yield (HRY, 12.0–13.5 t ha-1), and super high yield (SHY, >13.5 t ha-1) in 2013 and 2014. Results indicated that there was no significant difference in P content of plant at each growth stage among three yield groups. HY showed the highest P plant uptake while SHY the lowest at jointing among three yield groups. Opposite trends were observed at heading and maturity stages. There existed a significant (P<0.01) and negative correlation of the grain yield with P accumulation from sowing to jointing, while significant (P<0.01) and positive correlations of grain yield with P accumulation from jointing to heading, and from heading to maturity. P accumulation in the stem and sheath, leaf, and panicle at heading was 41.4, 8.5, and 8.9 kg ha-1, respectively for SHY, higher than thosefor HRY (37.9, 7.6, 8.1 kg ha-1) and HY (32.3, 6.8, 7.0 kg ha-1). There existed significant (P<0.01) and positive correlations of grain yield with P accumulation in stem and sheath, leaf, and panicle at heading. P accumulation of SHY in stem and sheath, leaf, and panicle at maturity was 14.5, 4.4, 62.3 kg ha-1, respectively, higher than those of HRY (13.6, 3.3, 55.9 kg ha-1) and HY (11.2, 2.7, 48.7 kg ha-1). There existed significant and positive linear correlation of grain yield with P accumulation in the stem and sheath, leaf, and panicle at maturity and with P translocation from stem and sheath to grain after heading. When values were averaged across two years,internal nutrient efficiency (kg grain kg-1) and partial factor productivity (kg kg-1) of SHY were 171.5 and 92.7, respectively, less than those of HRY (173.2, 99.6) and HY (173.5, 100.4). Harvest index of P of SHY was 0.768, significantly higher than that of HRY (0.761) and HY (0.758). SHY showed lower P accumulation before jointing, while higher P accumulation from jointing to heading, and from heading to maturity, when compared with check. There existed significant (P<0.01) and negative correlation of grain yield with P accumulation from sowing to jointing, while significant (P<0.01) and positive correlations of grain yield with P accumulation from jointing to heading, and heading to maturity. Relatively low P use efficiency was observed in SHY, a great attention should be paid to improving P use efficiency. Finally, methods to improve P use efficiency of SHY forYongyou 12 were discussed.

Key words: Yongyou 12, Super high yielding, Population, Phosphorus nutrient, Accumulation and distribution

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