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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (09): 1381-1390.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2016.01381


Relationship between Yield Loss and Flooding during Middle and Later Growth Periods in Hybrid Rice

XU Fu-Xian1,2,**, ZHANG Lin1,2,**, XIONG Hong1,2, ZHOU Xing-Bing1, ZHU Yong-Chuan1, LIU Mao1,JIANG Peng1, GUO Xiao-Yi1   

  1. 1 Rice and Sorghum Research Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory of Southwest Rice Biology and Genetic Breeding,Ministry of Agriculture, Deyang 618000, China; 2 Luzhou Branch of National Rice Improvement Center, Luzhou 646100, China
  • Received:2015-11-20 Revised:2016-06-20 Online:2016-09-12 Published:2016-06-29
  • Contact: 徐富贤, E-mail: xu6501@163.com, Tel: 18090167012
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the China Agriculture Research System (CARS-01), the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest (20120302), National Grain Bumper Science and Technology Project (2011BAD16BO5-1), and the Sichuan Fanacial Genetic Engineering Project.


Rice plants are damaged by flood water from consecutive heavy rainfalls. However, limited information is available on evaluating yield loss of rice grown under different flooding conditions. Pot experiment and field experiment were conducted to understand the yield loss of hybrid rice under different submergence depths, hours and stages in Luxian County, Sichuan Province, China, in 2012 to 2014. The results showed that yield loss was significantly influenced by flood submergence at the heading stage, followed by the booting stage and the milk-ripening stage. The yield loss was greater in the treatment of complete submergence (CS) than in that of two thirds plant height submergence (2/3PHS). Seed setting rate and grain weight of hybrid rice were significantly and negatively correlated with the submergence hours. For 2/3PHS treatment, when hybrid rice was flooded more than 100 hours at booting stage, heading stage, and milk stage, yield loss degree of hybrid rice were 50%, 60%, and 12%, respectively. For CS treatment, when hybrid rice was flooded more than 100 hours at booting stage, heading stage, and milk stage, yield loss degree of hybrid rice was 100% at booting stage and heading stage, while less than 25% at milk stage. The submergence hours correspending to yield loss degree of 40%, 60%, and 80% were calculated by a simulation equation. We established a model for studying the relationship between the degree of yield loss and submergence hours at different growth stages of hybrid rice with different submergence degrees, and the determination coefficient ranged from 0.6038 to 0.9868. When hybrid rice was submerged for 56.3 hours at booting, heading and milk-ripening stages, respectively, the error difference of yield loss degree was 3.63%?6.81% between the measured and predicted values. Our result indicated that yield loss can be accuracy estimated by this model in rice production under flooding damage.

Key words: Hybrid rice, Flood, Submergence intensity, Yield loss degree

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