Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 1086-1096.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.01086


Characteristics of Accumulation and Distribution of Nitrogen and Dry Matter in Wheat at Yield Level of Ten Thousand Kilograms per hectare

ZHANG Fa-Quan1,WANG Xiao-Yan12,YU Zhen-Wen1*,WANG Xi-Zhi3,BAI Hong-Li3   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Cultivation,Ministry of Agriculture,Shandong Agricultural University,Tai'an 271018,China;2College of Agriculture, Yangtze University,Jingzhou 434100,China;3Institute of Agricultural Sciences of Yanzhou City, Yanzhou 272000,China
  • Received:2008-07-07 Revised:2009-03-22 Online:2009-06-12 Published:2009-04-16
  • Contact: YU Zhen-Wen,E-mail:yuzw@sdau.edu.cn;Tel:0538-8241484


Application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer is one of the most important cultivated measures to increase wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield in production. However, abuse of N fertilizer will not only reduce grain yield and economic profit but also cause environmental problems. The proper amount of N fertilizer applied in high-yielding production of winter wheat has been studied at the yield level of 9000 kg ha-1. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of several N fertilizer rates on uptake, distribution, and translocation of nitrogen as well as grain yield, therefore, to suggest a reasonable application rate of N fertilizer in wheat production. Three rates of N fertilizer application (0, 180, and 240 kg ha-1) without manure before sowing were designed in Experiment I in 2005–2006, only one treatment of N fertilizer (260 kg ha-1) with 3 750 kg ha-1 manure before sowing in Experiment II in 2005–2006, and six N fertilizer rates (0, 210, 240, 270, 300, and 330 kg ha-1) with 3 750 kg ha-1 manure in 2006–2007. Two wheat cultivars with medium protein content, Taishan 23 and Jimai 22, were used in the three experiments, i.e., Taishan 23 in Experiment I, Jimai 22 in the other two experiments. The results showed that the application of manure before sowing had minor effect in this study, and three experiments showed similar changing trends in N accumulation and translocation among various organs and growth stages as well as the grain yield. Take the example of Experiment III, with more input of N fertilizer, the grain yield first increased and later decreased during growth period compared with the control (no N fertilizer treatment), and the grain yields of N240 (240 kg ha-1) and N270 (270 kg ha-1) treatments were 9 954.73 and 10 647.02 kg ha-1, respectively, by the increase percentages of 11.20% and 18.93%. Compared with the control, the nitrogen accumulation amount in plant and grain and the nitrogen translocation amount (nitrogen accumulation in vegetative organs at anthesis stage minus the nitrogen accumulation in vegetative organs at maturity, NTA) from vegetative organs to grains after anthesis significantly increased in treatments with N fertilizer application. With the increase of N fertilizer rate, the nitrogen accumulation amount in wheat plant showed a changing trend of first up and then down. The N270 treatment had the highest nitrogen accumulation amount at maturity. The NTA and nitrogen translocation efficiency (NTA/ nitrogen accumulation in vegetative organs at anthesis stage, TE) from vegetative organs to grain after anthesis also increased at first and then decreased. The N270 treatment had the highest nitrogen translocation amount, which was 213.78 kg ha-1. The N 240 treatment had the highest TE of 67.98%. Similarly, the dry matter accumulation amount in various vegetative organs of wheat at maturity, the dry matter redistribution amount from vegetative organs to grain after anthesis, and the dry matter redistribution efficiency after anthesis were all largest in N270 treatment. Among the six N fertilizer treatments, the contribution of dry matter accumulation amount from vegetative organs to grains after anthesis was the largest in N240 treatment. The results of this study suggested that N fertilizer supplied at 240–270 kg ha-1 is optimal in wheat production under similar conditions to those of the experiments to obtain the high-yielding level of 10 000 kg ha-1.

Key words: Nitrogen fertilizer rate, Wheat, Yield, Nitrogen accumulation and distribution

[1] Hou Y-L(侯有良), O’Brien L, Zhong G-R(钟改荣). Study on the dynamic changes of the distribution and accumulation of nitrogen in different plant parts of wheat. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2001, 27(4): 493-499(in English with Chinese abstract)

[2] Lu Z-G(陆增根), Dai T-B(戴廷波), Jiang D(姜东), Ji Q(荆奇), Wu Z-G(吴正贵), Zhou P-N(周培南), Cao W-X(曹卫星). Effects of nitrogen strategies on population quality index and grain yield & quality in weak-gluten wheat. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2007, 33(4): 590-597 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[3] Zhao M-X(赵满兴), Zhou J-B(周建斌), Yang R(杨绒), Zheng X-F(郑险峰), Zhai B-N(翟丙年), Li S-X(李生秀). Characteristics of nitrogen accumulation, distribution and translocation in winter wheat on dryland. Plant Nutr Fertr Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2006, 12(2):143-149 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4] Wang Z J, Wang J H, Huang W J, Ma Z H, Zhao M. Study on nitrogen distribution in leaf, stem and sheath at different layers in winter wheat canopy and their influence on grain quality. Agric Sci China, 2003, 2: 859-866

[5] Slaton N A, Mozaffari M, DeLong R E, Norman R J, Ross W J. Influence of nitrogen fertilizer application rate and time on winter wheat yields. Arkansas Agric Exp Sta Res Ser, 2005, 525: 95-99

[6] Ma B L, Yan W, Dwyer L M, Frgeau-Reid J, Voldeng H D, Dion Y, Nass H. Graphic analysis of genotype, environment, nitrogen fertilizer, and their interactions on spring wheat yield. Agron J, 2004, 96: 169-180

[7] Peng Y-X(彭永欣), Jiang X-Z(姜雪忠), Guo W-S(郭文善), Yan L-L(严六零), Feng C-N(封超年), Liang X-W(梁雄伟), Liu B-Y(刘宝玉). Regulation of nitrogen on grain yield and quality. In: Cultivation Techniques and Physiology of Wheat (小麦栽培与生理). Nanjing: Northeast University Press, 1992. pp 127-144(in Chinese with English abstract)

[8] Cao C-F(曹承富), Kong L-C(孔令聪), Wang J-L(汪建来), Zhao B(赵斌). Effects of nitrogen on yield, quality and nutritive absorption of middle and strong gluten wheat. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2005, 11(1): 46-50(in Chinese with English abstract)

[9] Tong Y-A(同延安), Zhao Y(赵营), Zhao H-B(赵护兵), Fan H-Z(樊红柱). Effect of N rates on N uptake, transformation and the yield of winter wheat. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2007, 13(1): 64-69(in Chinese with English abstract)

[10] Zhao G-C(赵广才), Chang X-H(常旭虹), Liu L-H(刘利华), Yang Y-S(杨玉双), Chi Z-Z(池忠志), Yang L-Z(杨丽珍), Li Z-H(李振华). Effect of nitrogen application on grain yield and processing quality in different strong gluten wheats. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2006, (5): 723-727 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[11] Souza E J, Martin J M, Guttieri M J, O’Brien K M, Habernicht D K, Lanning S P, McLean R, Carlson G R, Talbert L E. Influence of genotype, environment, and nitrogen management on spring wheat quality. Crop Sci, 2004, 44: 425-432

[12] Abad A, Lloveras J, Michelena A.Nitrogen fertilization and foliarurea effects on durum wheat yield and quality and on residual soil nitratein irrigated Mediterranean conditions. Field Crops Res, 2004, 87: 257-269

[13] Wang H, McCaig T N, DePauw R M, Clarke F R, Clarke J M. Physiological characteristics of recent Canada Western Red Spring wheat cultivars: components of grain nitrogen yield. Can J Plant Sci, 2003, 83: 699-707

[14] Zhao J-Y(赵俊晔), Yu Z-W(于振文). Effects of nitrogen fertilizer rate on uptake, distribution and utilization of nitrogen in winter wheat under high yielding cultivated condition. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2006, 32(4):484-490 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[15] Stevens W B, Hoeft R G, Mulvaney R L. Fate of nitrogen-15 in a long-term nitrogen rate study: II. Nitrogen uptake efficiency. Agron J, 2005, 97: 1046-1053

[16] Timsina J, Singh U, Badaruddin M, Meisner C, Amin M R. Cultivar, nitrogen, and water effects on productivity, and nitrogen-use efficiency and balance for rice-wheat sequences of Bangladesh. Field Crops Res, 2001, 72:143-161

[17] Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Ge X(葛鑫), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Xu K(许轲), Gong Z-K(龚振恺). Effect of different nitrogen application types on N-absorption and N-utilization rate of specific use cultivars of wheat. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2004, 30(5): 449-454(in Chinese with English abstract)

[18] He Z-F(何照范). Analysis Technique for Grain Quality of Cereals and Oils (粮油籽粒品质及其分析技术). Beijing: Agriculture Press, 1985. pp: 31-41, 57, 59(in Chinese)

[19] Lin Q(林琪), Hou L-B(侯立白), Han W(韩伟). Effects of nitrogen rates on grain yield and quality of wheat in different soil fertility.Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2004, 10(6): 561-567 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[20] Wang C-Y(王晨阳), Zhu Y-J(朱云集), Xia G-J (夏国军), Song J-Y(宋家永), Li J-J(李九星), Wang Y-H(王永华), Luo Y(罗毅). Effects application of nitrogen at the later stage on grain yield and plant physiological characteristics of super-high-yielding winter wheat. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 1998, 24(6): 978-983 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21] Zhang H-C(张洪程), Xu K(许轲), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Dong M-H(董明辉). Preliminary study on the traits of nitrogen absorption and nitrogen fertilizer applying in super-high-yielding winter wheat. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 1998, 24(6): 935-940(in Chinese with English abstract)

[22] Han Y-L(韩燕来), Ge D-J(葛东杰), Wang Q(汪强), Wang Y-L(王宜伦), Tan J-F(谭金芳). Effect of N fertilizer rate on fate of labeled nitrogen and winter wheat yield on different soil fertility fields in Chao soil area in north Henan. J Soil Water Conserv (水土保持学报), 2007, 21(5): 151-154 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[23] Zhu X-K(朱新开), Guo W-S(郭文善), Zhou Z-Q(周正权), Feng C-N(封超年), Peng Y-X(彭永欣), Ling Q-H(凌启鸿). Effects of nitrogen fertilizer on n absorption, yield and quality of medium-gluten wheat Yangmai 10. Sci Agri Sin (中国农业科学), 2004, 37(12): 1831-1837 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[24] Wang Y-F(王月福), Yu Z-W(于振文), Li X-X(李尚霞), Yu S-L(余松烈). Effects of soil fertility and nitrogen application rate on nitrogen absorption and translocation, grain yield, and grain protein content of wheat. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2003, 14(11):1868-1872 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[25] Yan S-H(阎素红), Cai Z-M(蔡忠民), Yang Z-S(杨兆生), Wang J-J(王俊娟), Zhao T-G(赵土岗). Effects of different fertility on yield and canopy biomass accumulation and distribution after anthesis of later sowing wheat. J Titiceae Crops (麦类作物学报), 2000, 20(3): 46-49 (in Chinese with English abstract)
Ma D-H(马东辉), Wang Y-F(王月福), Zhou H(周华), Sun H(孙虎). Effect of postanthesis soil water status and nitrogen on grain yield and canopy biomass accumulation and transportation of winter wheat. J Titiceae Crops (麦类作物学报),2007, 27(5): 847-851 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] HU Wen-Jing, LI Dong-Sheng, YI Xin, ZHANG Chun-Mei, ZHANG Yong. Molecular mapping and validation of quantitative trait loci for spike-related traits and plant height in wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1346-1356.
[2] WANG Dan, ZHOU Bao-Yuan, MA Wei, GE Jun-Zhu, DING Zai-Song, LI Cong-Feng, ZHAO Ming. Characteristics of the annual distribution and utilization of climate resource for double maize cropping system in the middle reaches of Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1437-1450.
[3] WANG Wang-Nian, GE Jun-Zhu, YANG Hai-Chang, YIN Fa-Ting, HUANG Tai-Li, KUAI Jie, WANG Jing, WANG Bo, ZHOU Guang-Sheng, FU Ting-Dong. Adaptation of feed crops to saline-alkali soil stress and effect of improving saline-alkali soil [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1451-1462.
[4] YAN Jia-Qian, GU Yi-Biao, XUE Zhang-Yi, ZHOU Tian-Yang, GE Qian-Qian, ZHANG Hao, LIU Li-Jun, WANG Zhi-Qin, GU Jun-Fei, YANG Jian-Chang, ZHOU Zhen-Ling, XU Da-Yong. Different responses of rice cultivars to salt stress and the underlying mechanisms [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1463-1475.
[5] YANG Huan, ZHOU Ying, CHEN Ping, DU Qing, ZHENG Ben-Chuan, PU Tian, WEN Jing, YANG Wen-Yu, YONG Tai-Wen. Effects of nutrient uptake and utilization on yield of maize-legume strip intercropping system [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1476-1487.
[6] CHEN Jing, REN Bai-Zhao, ZHAO Bin, LIU Peng, ZHANG Ji-Wang. Regulation of leaf-spraying glycine betaine on yield formation and antioxidation of summer maize sowed in different dates [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1502-1515.
[7] LI Yi-Jun, LYU Hou-Quan. Effect of agricultural meteorological disasters on the production corn in the Northeast China [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1537-1545.
[8] GUO Xing-Yu, LIU Peng-Zhao, WANG Rui, WANG Xiao-Li, LI Jun. Response of winter wheat yield, nitrogen use efficiency and soil nitrogen balance to rainfall types and nitrogen application rate in dryland [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1262-1272.
[9] SHI Yan-Yan, MA Zhi-Hua, WU Chun-Hua, ZHOU Yong-Jin, LI Rong. Effects of ridge tillage with film mulching in furrow on photosynthetic characteristics of potato and yield formation in dryland farming [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1288-1297.
[10] LEI Xin-Hui, WAN Chen-Xi, TAO Jin-Cai, LENG Jia-Jun, WU Yi-Xin, WANG Jia-Le, WANG Peng-Ke, YANG Qing-Hua, FENG Bai-Li, GAO Jin-Feng. Effects of soaking seeds with MT and EBR on germination and seedling growth in buckwheat under salt stress [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1210-1221.
[11] YAN Xiao-Yu, GUO Wen-Jun, QIN Du-Lin, WANG Shuang-Lei, NIE Jun-Jun, ZHAO Na, QI Jie, SONG Xian-Liang, MAO Li-Li, SUN Xue-Zhen. Effects of cotton stubble return and subsoiling on dry matter accumulation, nutrient uptake, and yield of cotton in coastal saline-alkali soil [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1235-1247.
[12] KE Jian, CHEN Ting-Ting, WU Zhou, ZHU Tie-Zhong, SUN Jie, HE Hai-Bing, YOU Cui-Cui, ZHU De-Quan, WU Li-Quan. Suitable varieties and high-yielding population characteristics of late season rice in the northern margin area of double-cropping rice along the Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 1005-1016.
[13] LI Rui-Dong, YIN Yang-Yang, SONG Wen-Wen, WU Ting-Ting, SUN Shi, HAN Tian-Fu, XU Cai-Long, WU Cun-Xiang, HU Shui-Xiu. Effects of close planting densities on assimilate accumulation and yield of soybean with different plant branching types [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 942-951.
[14] WANG Lyu, CUI Yue-Zhen, WU Yu-Hong, HAO Xing-Shun, ZHANG Chun-Hui, WANG Jun-Yi, LIU Yi-Xin, LI Xiao-Gang, QIN Yu-Hang. Effects of rice stalks mulching combined with green manure (Astragalus smicus L.) incorporated into soil and reducing nitrogen fertilizer rate on rice yield and soil fertility [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 952-961.
[15] DU Hao, CHENG Yu-Han, LI Tai, HOU Zhi-Hong, LI Yong-Li, NAN Hai-Yang, DONG Li-Dong, LIU Bao-Hui, CHENG Qun. Improving seed number per pod of soybean by molecular breeding based on Ln locus [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 565-571.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!