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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 335-340.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.00327

• RESEARCH ACTIVITIES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Different Preceding Crops on Growth, Yield and Quality of Flue- Cured Tobacco Plant

PENG Yun1, ZHAO Zheng-Xiong1,*,LI Zhong-Huan2,DONG Yan3,CHEN Rong-Ping2,WANG Guang-Lin2,WANG Yong2,YANG Zi-Kong2

  1. 1 College of Tobacco Science, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China; 2 Kunming Tobacco Company, Yunnan Tobacco Company, Kunming 650051, China; 3 College of Resource and Environment, Yunnan Agricultural University, Kunming 650201, China;
  • Received:2009-06-17 Revised:2009-10-05 Online:2010-02-10 Published:2009-12-21
  • Contact: ZHAO Zheng-Xiong, E-mail: zhaozx0801@163.com; Tel: 0871-5220536


Preceding crops, depending on its type, has been commonly thought having positive or negative effect on subsequent plant growth, yield and even quality, but which type is favorable for next crops is worthy of investigating in tobacco production. Two field experiments were conducted with preceding crops of rape, wheat, barley, green manure and fallow in two different climatic sites, Shilin and Xundian in Yunnan province, respectively. The results showed that tobacco plants’ growth, maturity, yield, economic value and smoking quality were significantly affected by the preceding crops. In both sites, tobacco with preceding crop of wheat grew rapidly at the early growth stage and matured earlier at the later stage, but it grew slowly at the early stage, vigorously at the late stage, and delayed in maturity in the field with preceding crop of green manure. The yield for leaf was the highest at two sites where the preceding crops were green manure and fallow. The economic value was the highest when the preceding crops were barley, green manure or rape in Shilin, and barley, green manure or wheat in Xundian. For smoking quality, it was better to plant tobacco following rape or wheat in Shilin, while following wheat or green manure in Xundian. In general, rape is the optimal preceding crop for tobacco in Shilin where the climate during tobacco growth is relatively hot, while wheat or green manure is the better one in Xundian with relatively low temperature during the field growth stage.

Key words: Preceding crop, Flue-cured tobacco, Yield, Quality, Ecology

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