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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (12): 2167-2173.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.02167


Genetic Effects of 1BS Chromosome Arm on the Main Agrionomic Traits in Chuanmai 42

LI Jun1,WEI Hui-Ting2,YANG Su-Jie3,LI Chao-Su1,TANG Yong-Lu1,HU Xiao-Rong1,ANG Wu-Yun1*   

  1. 1Crop Research Institute,Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Chengdu 610066,China;2Institute of Plant Protection,Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Chengdu610066,China;3Chengdu Shishi High School,Chengdu 610000,China
  • Received:2009-02-23 Revised:2009-07-09 Online:2009-12-10 Published:2009-09-07
  • Contact: YANG Wu-Yun, Tel: 02884504657; E-mail: yangwuyun@yahoo.com.cn


Chuanmai 42 (Syn769/Sw3243//Chuan6415) is a non-1BL/1RS wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar with high-yield potential and good resistance to strip rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici), which has been developed from an elite synthetic hexaploid wheat Syn769 (Decoy 1/Aegilops tauschii 188, 1BS/1BL). The 1BS chromosome arm of Chuanmai 42 is originated from Syn769 and carries a stripe rust resistance gene YrCH42. In purpose of understanding the genetic effects of 1BS and 1RS chromosome arm on yield-related traits in wheat, 127 recombinant inbred lines (RILs, F8) derived from Chuanmai 42 and Chuannong 16 (1BL/1RS translocation cultivar) were evaluated in three years across four environments in Sichuan province from 2005 to 2008. A total of 16 traits of the two parents (Chuanmai 42 and Chuannong 16) and the RIL population, such as spike number, grain number per spike, thousand-grain weight, and grain yield, were investigated. 1BS chromosome arm lines derived from Chuanmai 42 and 1RS chromosome arm lines derived from Chuannong 16 were significantly different on six traits. The 1BS chromosome arm positively increased the ratio of spikes to summit population and harvest index, whereas the 1RS chromosome arm only had positive effect on tiller number per plant and spikelet number per spike. The average grain yield of RILs with 1BS chromosome arm was 2.91% higher than that of RILs with 1RS chromosome arm. Because the 1RS chromosome arm with Sec-1 gene significantly degrades the processing quality of wheat and the rust resistance genes are invalidated to rust races in China, it is suggested to replace the 1RS with the 1BS chromosome arm of Chuanmai 42.

Key words: 1BS, 1RS, Synthetic hexaploid wheat, Chuanmai 42, Genetic effection

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