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Acta Agronomica Sinica ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (05): 879-884.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.00879

• RESEARCH NOTES • Previous Articles    

Genotypic Variation in Ammonia Volatilization Rate of Rice Shoots and Its Relationship with Nitrogen Use Efficiency

CHEN Ming-Xia1,2,HUANG Jian-Liang1,*,CUI Ke-Hui1,NIE Li-Xiao1,PENG Shao-Bing3   

  1. 1 Crop Physiology and Production Center, Huazhong Agricultural University / Key Laboratory of Huazhong Crop Physiology, Ecology and Production, Ministry of Agriculture, Wuhan 430070, China; 2 College of Life Science, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453002, China; 3 International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), DAPO 7777, Metro Manila, Philippines
  • Received:2010-02-23 Revised:2010-03-07 Online:2010-05-12 Published:2010-03-15
  • Contact: HUANG Jian-Liang,E-mail:jhuang@mail.hzau.edu.cn; Tel : 027-87284131 E-mail:chenmx1973@tom.com


Gaseous nitrogen losses from rice plant tissues may be closely related to nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), the research on which may provide a theoretical supplement in nitrogen nutrition and a technical parameter for higher NUE genotype screening. Pot experiments under solution culture with four nitrogen concentrations of 0, 20, 40, and 80 mg N L-1 respectively, were carried out to assess the correlation between ammonia volatilization rate (AVR) from booting stage to milking stage and NUE of different rice varieties including higher NUE type of Yangdao 6 and BG34-8, lower NUE type of Wuyujing 3 and Zhenshan 97B. The results showed that the peak AVR of Yangdao 6 and Wuyujing 3 was 11.0 and 10.4 mg N h-1 pot-1 respectively at panicle initiation stage, the peak AVR of BG34-8 and Zhenshan 97B was 22.5 and 23.4 mg N h-1 pot-1 respectively at booting stage. The AVR increased with the nitrogen concentration increasing in the culture solutions for a given genotype, the range of increase was larger in lower-NUE varieties Zhenshan 97B and Wuyujing 3 than in higher-NUE varieties Yangdao 6 and BG34-8. There were significantly negative correlations between AVR and aboveground nitrogen accumulation (r = -0.6768**), NUE in grain production (r= -0.6158*), fertilizer-N agronomic efficiency (r = -0.6667**), and fertilizer-N physiological efficiency (r= -0.8353**), when all the tested genotypes were cultured in higher nitrogen concentration of solution (80 mg N L-1). The general conclusion of the research is that there are significant genotypic differences in AVR, and the higher-NUE genotypes have lower AVR than the lower-NUE genotypes. Hence, lower AVR under higher nitrogen concentration of culture could be an effective parameter for higher-NUE genotype screening.

Key words: Rice, Genotype, Ammonia volatilization rate, Nitrogen use efficiency

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