Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (11): 2001-2010.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2011.02001


Effect of Lipid Content and Components on Cooking Quality and Their Response to Nitrogen in Milled Japonica Rice

GU Dan-Dan, LIU Zheng-Hui, LIU Yang, WANG Shao-Hua, WANG Qiang-Sheng, LI Gang-Hua,DING Yan-Feng*   

  1. College of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University / Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology & Ecology in South China, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2011-04-01 Revised:2011-06-25 Online:2011-11-12 Published:2011-09-06
  • Contact: 丁艳锋, E-mail: dingyf@njau.edu.cn; Tel: 025-84396475

Abstract: In present study, six japonica cultivars and seven nitrogen treatments were used to study the effect of lipids content and components in milled rice on amylose content and RVA profile characteristics and the relationship between them and nitrogen. The results showed that the content and components of lipid in milled rice were significantly affected by genotype. As compared with large panicle cultivars, small panicle cultivars had higher crude lipids and starch lipids and lower non-starch lipids in milled rice. As compared with genotype, nitrogen had little effect on the content and components of lipid in milled rice. The content and components of lipid in milled rice were notably related to amylose content and the RVA profile characteristics. The crude lipid content was significantly and negatively correlated to BDV (breakdown), and starch lipids content was significantly and negatively correlated to SBV (setback) and CSV (consistency viscosity). From these results we summarized that the lipid content especially the starch lipids content in milled rice has significant effect on the cooking and eating quality of rice, which will be promoted with the increase of starch lipids content in milled rice.

Key words: Rice, Crude lipids, Non-starch lipids, Starch lipids, Amylose content, RVA

[1]Choudhury N H, Juliano B O. Lipids in developing and mature rice grain. Phytochemistry, 1980, 19: 1063–1069
[2]Liu Y(刘奕), Cheng F-M(程方民). Relation between protein, lipids of rice and rice quality: a review. J Chin Cereals Oil Assoc (中国粮油学报), 2006, 21(4): 6–10 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[3]Marshall W E, Normand F L, Goynes W R. Effect of lipid and protein removal on starch gelatinization in whole grain milled rice. Cereal Chem, 1990, 67: 458–463
[4]Larsson K. Inhibition of starch gelatinization amylase-lipid complex formation. Starch, 1980, 32: 125
[5]Liu Y-B(刘宜柏), Huang Y-J(黄英金). The study on the relativity of flavor quality of rice. Acta Agric Univ Jiangxiensis (江西农业大学学报), 1989, 11(4): 1–5 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[6]Liu Y(刘奕), Xu H-M(徐海明), Cheng F-M(程方民) Zhao N-C(赵宁春). Comparison of DSC thermal curves and RVA properties between lipidfree and non-lipidfree in milled rice flours. J Zhejiang Univ (Agric & Life Sci) (浙江大学学报•农业与生命科学版), 2005, 31(5): 518–523 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[7]Ye Q-B(叶全宝), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Li H(李华), Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Wei H-Y(魏海燕), Xia K(夏科), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Xu K(许柯). Effects of amount of nitrogen applied and planting density on RVA profile characteristic of japonica rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2005, 31(1): 124–130 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[8]Martin M, Fitzgerald M A. Proteins in rice grains influence cooking properties. J Cereal Sci, 2002, 36: 285–294
[9]Xu D-Y(徐大勇), Jin J(金军), Hu S-Y(胡曙鋆), Gao Y(高云), Yang J-C(杨建昌), Zhu Q-S(朱庆森). Effects of N, P, K fertilizer management on grain amylose content and RVA profile parameters in rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2005, 31(7): 921–925 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[10]Ning H F, Qiao J F, Liu Z H, Lin Z M, Li G H, Wang Q S, Wang S H, Ding Y F. Distribution of proteins and amino acids in milled and brown rice as affected by nitrogen fertilization an genotype. J Cereal Sci, 2010, 52: 90–95
[11]Ning H F, Liu Z H, Wang Q S, Lin Z M, Chen S J, Li G H, Wang S H, Ding Y F. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer application on grain phytic acid and protein concentrations in japonica rice and its variations with genotypes. J Cereal Sci, 2009, 50: 49–55
[12]Tian J-C(田纪春). Principles and Techniques of Grain Quality Experiment (谷物品质测试理论与方法). Beijing: Science Press, 2006 (in Chinese)
[13]Zhang X-M(张向民), Zhou R-F(周瑞芳). Rice lipids. J Zhengzhou Grain Coll (郑州粮食学院学报), 1997, 18(2): 44–50 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[14]Zhang Y-X(张艳霞), Ding Y-F(丁艳锋), Wang Q-S(王强盛), Li G-H(李刚华), Li F-C(李福春), Wang S-H(王绍华). Effect of panicle nitrogen fertilizer on quality properties of different rice varieties. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2007, 13(6): 1080–1085 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[15]Chang E-H(常二华), Zhang S-F(张慎凤), Wang Z-Q(王志琴), Wang X-M(王学明), Yang J-C(杨建昌). Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on the amino acids in root exudates and grains of rice during grain filling. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2008, 34(4): 612–618 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[16]Wu S-Z(伍时照), Huang C-W(黄超武), Ou L-C(欧烈才). Studies on varietal characteristics in cultivars of Oryza sativa: III. A study on grain quality characters of rice varieties. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 1985, 18(5): 1–7 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[17]Hu P-S(胡培松), Zhai H-Q(翟虎渠), Tang S-Q(唐绍清), Wan J-M(万建民). Rapid evaluation of rice cooking and palatability quality by RVA profile. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2004, 30(6): 519–524 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[18]Yuan H-G(袁禾根), Li X-L(李小林), Feng M-L(冯茂林). The RVA profile characteristic analysis of different genotype rice. Grain Science and Technology and Economy (粮食科技与经济), 2009, (6): 43–45
[19]Sui J-M(隋炯明), Li X(李欣), Yan S(严松), Yan C-J(严长杰), Zhang R(张蓉), Tang S-Z(汤述翥), Lu J-F(陆驹飞), Chen Z-X(陈宗祥), Gu M-H(顾铭洪). Studies on the rice RVA profile characteristics and its correlation with the quality. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2005, 38(4): 657–663
[1] TIAN Tian, CHEN Li-Juan, HE Hua-Qin. Identification of rice blast resistance candidate genes based on integrating Meta-QTL and RNA-seq analysis [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1372-1388.
[2] ZHENG Chong-Ke, ZHOU Guan-Hua, NIU Shu-Lin, HE Ya-Nan, SUN wei, XIE Xian-Zhi. Phenotypic characterization and gene mapping of an early senescence leaf H5(esl-H5) mutant in rice (Oryza sativa L.) [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1389-1400.
[3] ZHOU Wen-Qi, QIANG Xiao-Xia, WANG Sen, JIANG Jing-Wen, WEI Wan-Rong. Mechanism of drought and salt tolerance of OsLPL2/PIR gene in rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1401-1415.
[4] ZHENG Xiao-Long, ZHOU Jing-Qing, BAI Yang, SHAO Ya-Fang, ZHANG Lin-Ping, HU Pei-Song, WEI Xiang-Jin. Difference and molecular mechanism of soluble sugar metabolism and quality of different rice panicle in japonica rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1425-1436.
[5] YAN Jia-Qian, GU Yi-Biao, XUE Zhang-Yi, ZHOU Tian-Yang, GE Qian-Qian, ZHANG Hao, LIU Li-Jun, WANG Zhi-Qin, GU Jun-Fei, YANG Jian-Chang, ZHOU Zhen-Ling, XU Da-Yong. Different responses of rice cultivars to salt stress and the underlying mechanisms [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1463-1475.
[6] YANG Jian-Chang, LI Chao-Qing, JIANG Yi. Contents and compositions of amino acids in rice grains and their regulation: a review [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1037-1050.
[7] DENG Zhao, JIANG Nan, FU Chen-Jian, YAN Tian-Zhe, FU Xing-Xue, HU Xiao-Chun, QIN Peng, LIU Shan-Shan, WANG Kai, YANG Yuan-Zhu. Analysis of blast resistance genes in Longliangyou and Jingliangyou hybrid rice varieties [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1071-1080.
[8] YANG De-Wei, WANG Xun, ZHENG Xing-Xing, XIANG Xin-Quan, CUI Hai-Tao, LI Sheng-Ping, TANG Ding-Zhong. Functional studies of rice blast resistance related gene OsSAMS1 [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1119-1128.
[9] ZHU Zheng, WANG Tian-Xing-Zi, CHEN Yue, LIU Yu-Qing, YAN Gao-Wei, XU Shan, MA Jin-Jiao, DOU Shi-Juan, LI Li-Yun, LIU Guo-Zhen. Rice transcription factor WRKY68 plays a positive role in Xa21-mediated resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1129-1140.
[10] WANG Xiao-Lei, LI Wei-Xing, OU-YANG Lin-Juan, XU Jie, CHEN Xiao-Rong, BIAN Jian-Min, HU Li-Fang, PENG Xiao-Song, HE Xiao-Peng, FU Jun-Ru, ZHOU Da-Hu, HE Hao-Hua, SUN Xiao-Tang, ZHU Chang-Lan. QTL mapping for plant architecture in rice based on chromosome segment substitution lines [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1141-1151.
[11] WANG Ze, ZHOU Qin-Yang, LIU Cong, MU Yue, GUO Wei, DING Yan-Feng, NINOMIYA Seishi. Estimation and evaluation of paddy rice canopy characteristics based on images from UAV and ground camera [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1248-1261.
[12] KE Jian, CHEN Ting-Ting, WU Zhou, ZHU Tie-Zhong, SUN Jie, HE Hai-Bing, YOU Cui-Cui, ZHU De-Quan, WU Li-Quan. Suitable varieties and high-yielding population characteristics of late season rice in the northern margin area of double-cropping rice along the Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 1005-1016.
[13] CHEN Yue, SUN Ming-Zhe, JIA Bo-Wei, LENG Yue, SUN Xiao-Li. Research progress regarding the function and mechanism of rice AP2/ERF transcription factor in stress response [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 781-790.
[14] WANG Lyu, CUI Yue-Zhen, WU Yu-Hong, HAO Xing-Shun, ZHANG Chun-Hui, WANG Jun-Yi, LIU Yi-Xin, LI Xiao-Gang, QIN Yu-Hang. Effects of rice stalks mulching combined with green manure (Astragalus smicus L.) incorporated into soil and reducing nitrogen fertilizer rate on rice yield and soil fertility [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 952-961.
[15] QIN Qin, TAO You-Feng, HUANG Bang-Chao, LI Hui, GAO Yun-Tian, ZHONG Xiao-Yuan, ZHOU Zhong-Lin, ZHU Li, LEI Xiao-Long, FENG Sheng-Qiang, WANG Xu, REN Wan-Jun. Characteristics of panicle stem growth and flowering period of the parents of hybrid rice in machine-transplanted seed production [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 988-1004.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!