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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2012, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (02): 307-314.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2012.00307


Effect of Seeding and Transplanting Methods on Yield and Uniformity of Population Indices of Super Japonica Rice Ningjing 3

WANG Duan-Fei,LI Gang-Hua,GENG Chun-Miao,DU Yong-Lin,LI Quan,DING Yan-Feng*   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology and Ecology in Southern China, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; 2 Jiangsu Agro Technical Extension Center, Nanjing 210036, China
  • Received:2011-06-01 Revised:2011-09-09 Online:2012-02-12 Published:2011-11-07
  • Contact: 丁艳锋, E-mail: dingyf@njau.edu.cn, Tel: 025-84395033

Abstract: To study the influence of different cultivation methods on rice yield and uniformity of populationindices, We conducted a field experiment with seven treatments including machine transplanting (MT), broadcast seeding (BS), drill seeding (DS) and hole seeding (HS), precision hand transplanting (PT), cycle hand transplanting (CT), and equidistance hand transplanting (ET) in 2009 and 2010, using super-rice Ningjing 3 as material. The results showed that the grain yield of PT was the highest, followed by MT, ET, BS, CT, HS, and DS. Uniformity of population indices was the main influence factor of yield, the coefficient of variation (CV) of spikelets per panicle, primary and secondary branch number and panicle position distribution of Ningjing 3 were significantly positively correlated with grain yield. The difference of population uniformity of Ningjing 3 between machine transplanting, hand transplanting and direct-seeding was mainly due to the different durations of vegetative growth period. PT treatment had longer vegetative growth duration of tillers in all leaf ages, bigger panicle and more uniformity. In DS treatment, uniformity of population indices of Ningjing 3 was poor with the less tiller number, short vegetative growth period and small panicle, thus the yield was the lowest.

Key words: Super japonica rice, Cultivation methods, Uniformity of population indices, Grain yield

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