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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (09): 1557-1564.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.01557


Resistance of Slow Mildewing Genes to Stripe Rust and Leaf Rust in Common Wheat

LIU Jin-Dong1,CHEN Xin-Min1,HE Zhong-Hu1,2,WU Ling3,BAI Bin4,LI Zai-Feng5,XIA Xian-Chun1,*   

  1. 1 Institute of Crop Science/ National Wheat Improvement Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100081, China; 2CIMMYT-China Office, c/o CAAS, Beijing 100081, China; 3Crop Research Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, China; 4Wheat Research Institute, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730070, China; 5Department of Plant Pathology, College of Plant Protection, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001, China
  • Received:2014-02-05 Revised:2014-06-16 Online:2014-09-12 Published:2014-07-09
  • Contact: 夏先春, E-mail: xiaxianchun@caas.cn, Tel: 010-82108610


Pyramiding quantitative trait loci (QTLs) is an effective method to improve resistance to powdery mildew, stripe rust, and leaf rust in common wheat. We have developed 21 lines (F6) carrying 2-5 slow mildewing QTLs by crossing slow powdery mildew cultivars Bainong 64 and Lumai 21 possessing four and three slow mildewing QTLs, respectively. These F6 lines were evaluated in the field in Pianxian, Sichuan and Tianshui, Gansu for stripe rust resistance and in Baoding, Hebei and Zhoukou, Henan for leaf rust resistance during the 2012-2013 cropping season. According to the maximum disease severities (MDS) and the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC), QTLs QPm.caas-4DL, QPm.caas-6BS and QPm.caas-2BL were highly resistant to stripe rust (P < 0.01), which explained 16.9%, 14.1%, and 17.3% of phenotypic variance, respectively. Locus QPm.caas-4DL also showed high resistance to leaf rust (P < 0.01) with phenotypic contribution of 35.3%. Lines that pyramided five (QPm.caas-1A/QPm.caas-4DL/ QPm.caas-2DL/QPm.caas-2BS/QPm.caas-2BL) and four (QPm.caas-1A/QPm.caas-4DL/QPm.caas-2BS/QPm.caas-2BL) QTLs exhibited higher resistance to both stripe and leaf rust compared with their parents. This result indicates that the combination of QPm.caas-4DL (from Bainong 64), QPm.caas-2BS and QPm.caas-2BL (Lumai 21) has a marked effect on improving adult resistance to powdery mildew, stripe rust and leaf rust, and the more QTLs are pyramided, the stronger slow disease resistance can be achieved. In breeding practice, the combination of 4-5 slow mildewing or rusting QTLs can result in durable resistance to multiple diseases.

Key words: Triticum aestivum L., Slow mildewing and slow rusting resistance, Durable resistance, Gene pyramiding, QTL

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