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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 1964-1972.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.01964


Inheritance of Major Gene Plus Polygene of Water-logging Tolerance in Brassica napus L.

JIN Yan1,2,LÜ Yan-Yan2,FU San-Xiong2,QI Cun-Kou2,*   

  1. 1 College of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; 2 Institute of Industrial Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
  • Received:2014-02-10 Revised:2014-07-06 Online:2014-11-12 Published:2014-07-25
  • Contact: 戚存扣, E-mail: qck9898@sina.com, Tel: 025-84390372, 025-84390367


The middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River is a main producing region of canola (Brassica napus L.) in China. However, canola in this region is subjected to water-logging during planting period to reduce yield. It is of importance to study the inheritance of water-logging tolerance for canola. In this paper a family lines population of six generations of P1, F1, P2, B1:2, B2:2, F2:3 derived from the cross of WR-4 (resistant)×WR-5 (non-resistant) was used to analyse genetic segregation by applying major gene plus polygene mixed inheritance model. The seedling mortality was recorded on the 7th day after logging-removing for plant recovery following six days full-submergence treatment of the seedlings in 2012 and 2013. The results showed that the seedling mortality was respectively fitted the genetic model of E-0 and B-3 i.e. two pairs of additive- dominant-epistatic major gene plus additive-dominant-epistatic polygene model and two pairs of additive major genes model. This result confirms that water-logging tolerance of seedling in this cross is controlled mainly by two major genes which expressed in the mode of additive-dominant-epistatic effects. While dominant effects expressed (2012) it gave a higher value of |ha|=0.3475, |hb|=0.0069 than the additive effect of the major genes which was |da|=|db|=0.0036. In the populations of B1:2, B2:2, and F2:3, h2mg was 36.25%, 61.40%, and 61.84% respectively with an average of 53.16% in 2012, and 8.30%, 30.48%, and 43.13% respectively with an average of 27.30% in 2013. Variance from environment effects was 59.77% of the total phenotypic variance on an average in two years. A conclusion could be made that water-logging tolerance of seedling in B. napus is controlled by two major genes but heavily affected by environment. Since a higher value of h2mg was detected in F2:3 populations, selection in early generations might be an effective way for waterlogging tolerance breeding in B. napus.

Key words: Brassica napus L., Water-logging tolerance, Major gene plus polygene, Genetic model

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