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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (09): 1333-1342.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2015.01333


Genetic Analysis of Yield and Physiological Traits in Elite Parent Jing 411 and Its Derivatives under Two Fertilization Environments

XIAO Yong-Gui1, LI Si-Min1, LI Fa-Ji1, ZHANG Hong-Yan2, CHEN Xin-Min1, WANG De-Sen1, XIA Xian-Chun1, HE Zhong-Hu1, 3, *   

  1. 1 Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS) / National Wheat Improvement Center, Beijing 100081, China; 2 Wuqing Seed Management Station, Tianjin 301700, China; 3 International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) China Office, c/o CAAS, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2015-01-12 Online:2015-09-12 Published:2015-09-12

Abstract: Understanding the genetics of the traits related to yield potential, stability and high fertilizer-use efficiency is important for breeding new varieties. The elite parent Jing 411 has been widely used in wheat breeding programs in Northern Winter Wheat Region. In this study, Jing 411 and its 14 derivatives were sown in normal fertilized and no-fertilized environments to assess the changes in yield stability and fertilizer-use efficiency. Grain yield and harvest index increased following the generation advance, particularly harvest index increased significantly (P < 0.05). Zhongmai 175 showed high and stable grain yield and above ground biomass under two fertilized environments, mainly due to its high fertilizer-uptake efficiency. Canopy temperature was significantly associated with grain yield (P < 0.05), and leaf area index, and photosynthetic rate were significantly correlated with harvest index (P < 0.05). Several important loci associated with yield and physiological traits were found in A and B genomes. Three new loci for grains per spike, leaf area index, and photosynthetic rate were detected on chromosomes 2B, 3A, and 5A, respectively. Furthermore, 31 positive genetic loci for yield and physiological traits were detected in elite parent Jing 411, and two derivatives, CA0958 and Zhongmai 175, had the most positive loci than others, accounting for 53.85% and 51.35%, respectively. Zhongmai 175 had higher yield potential and stability under different fertilizer environments, possibly due to the presence of positive loci for yield and physiological traits.

Key words: Common wheat, Derivative genotypes, Fertilizer-use efficiency, Physiological traits, SNP markers

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