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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (03): 489-495.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2011.00489


Physiological Characteristics Associated with Fiber Development in Two Different Types of Natural Colored-Cotton Cultivars

ZHANG Xiang,LIU Xiao-Fei,LÜ Chun-Hua,DONG Zhao-Di,CHEN Yuan,CHEN De-Hua*   

  1. Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province / Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Cultivation in Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtse River of Ministry of Agriculture, Yangzhou 225009, China
  • Received:2010-08-17 Revised:2010-12-03 Online:2011-03-12 Published:2011-01-17
  • Contact: 陈德华, E-mail: dehuachen2002@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the physiological characteristics of fiber in the subtending leaf of natural colored-cotton in fiber development, and to provide theoretical basis for improvement of natural colored-cotton fiber quality using brown cotton cultivar Xiangcaimian 2, green cotton cultivar Wanmian 39, and white fiber control Sumian 9 by measuring the changes of metabolite and enzyme activities. The results showed that compared with the control, fiber cellulose accumulation for Xiangcaimian 2 and Wanmian 39 was lower, changing with an “S” curve, which could be simulated well by Richards equation with a fitting coefficient of above 0.999. Maximum accumulation, accumulative rate parameter and maximum accumulative rate for cellulose of colored cotton were all lower than those of white cotton. SPAD, soluble sugar content, activity of sucrose invertase in leaf and sucrose invertase, sucrose synthase (SS), UGPase activities in fiber for colored cotton were smaller than those for white cotton. As a result, there were no enough nutrients for fiber development and the fiber quality was worse. By correlation analysis, SS and UGPase activities and the GA3 content in fiber for colored cotton were significantly and positively correlated with fiber maturation and fiber strength (r=0.884*, r=0.895*r=0.914*, r=0.935*; r=0990*, r=0.988*), indicating that lower metabolite and enzyme activities in natural colored-cotton led to worse fiber quality.

Key words: Natural colored-cotton, Fiber quality, Enzymes activity

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