Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (01): 104-112.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2016.00104


Effects of Different Row Spaces on Canopy Structure and Resistance of Summer Maize

CHANG Jian-Feng,ZHANG Hai-Hong,LI Hong-Ping,DONG Peng-Fei,LI Chao-Hai*   

  1. College of Agronomy, Henan Agricultural University / Collaborative Innovation Center of Henan Grain Crops, Zhengzhou 450002, China
  • Received:2015-03-23 Revised:2015-09-06 Online:2016-01-12 Published:2015-09-14
  • Contact: 李潮海, E-mail: lichaohai2005@163.com, Tel: 0371-63555629 E-mail:zhh198903@163.com
  • Supported by:

    This research was supported by the Modern Agro-industry Technology Research System (CARS-2-19) and Special Fund for Scientific Research in the Public Interest (HY201203100).


In order to explore the effects of row spacing on canopy structure and stress resistance, and identify the appropriate row spacing suitable for the development of agricultural mechanization, field experiments were conducted at Fangcheng and Huixian, using three types of maize hybrids (Xianyu 335 is a high plant, Zhengdan 958 is a middle high plant, and 512-4 is a dwarf) with two plant population densities (60 000 and 75 000 plant ha-1) and five row spaces (50 cm, 60 cm, 70 cm, 80 cm, and 80 cm+40 cm). The results showed that, for treatments with equal rows spacing under the same plant density, with the increasing of row spaces, different hybrids had a leave type and decreased leaf orientation value (LOV), their growth deviated from the plant rows, and trend to perpendicular to row; canopy temperature and humidity decreased, light interception and yield were reduced as well, while resistance to disease and insect was improved. The treatments with 60 cm row spacing can reasonably coordinate the relationship between the canopy microenvironment and yield, resulting in appropriate distribution of canopy leaves, suitable canopy temperature and humidity, maize light interception, especially, with the high light interception rate in the lower part of the canopy, and the significantly increased resistance to stresses, different hybrids with two densities got highest yield frequently in treatments with 60 cm of row spacing regardless of the varieties with different plant heights at planting densities, which so suitable for mechanical farming and field management. Therefore, we suggest that 60 cm is the optimal row spacing for summer corn in Huanghuaihai Region.

Key words: Row spacing, Density, Summer maize, Microclimate, Stress resistance, Yield

[1]赵久然, 王荣焕. 30年来我国玉米主要栽培技术发展. 玉米科学, 2012, 20(1): 146–152

Zhao J R, Wang R H. Development of main cultivation technology in Chinese maize production since reform and opening up. J Maize Sci, 2012, 20(1): 146–152 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[2]赵明, 李少昆, 董树亭, 张东兴, 王璞, 薛吉全, 高聚林, 孙士明, 张吉旺, 刘鹏, 刘永红, 王永军. 美国玉米生产关键技术与中国现代玉米生产发展的思考——赴美国考察报告. 作物杂志, 2011, (2): 1–3

Zhao M, Li S K, Dong S T, Zhang D X, Wang P, Xue J Q, Gao J L, Sun S M, Zhang J W, Liu P, Liu Y H, Wang Y J. The key technology in American corn production and the thought of China’s maize production development-investigation report to the United States. Crops, 2011, (2): 1–3 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[3]韩成卫, 孔晓民, 刘丽, 曾苏明. 不同种植模式对玉米生长发育、产量及机械化收获效率的影响. 玉米科学, 2012, 20(6): 89–93

Han C W, Kong X M, Liu L, Zeng S M. Contrast test for maize different planting patterns under the mechanize harvest. J Maize Sci, 2012, 20(6): 89–93 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4]宋伟, 赵长星, 王月福, 王铭伦, 程曦, 康玉洁. 不同种植方式对花生田间小气候效应和产量的影响. 生态学报, 2011, 31: 7188–7195

Song W, Zhao C X, Wang Y F, Wang M L, Cheng X, Kang Y J. Influence of different planting patterns on field microclimate effect and yield of peanut (Arachis hypogea L.). Acta Ecol Sin, 2011, 31: 7188–7195 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[5]冯海娟, 张善平, 马存金, 刘鹏, 董树亭, 赵斌, 张吉旺, 杨今胜. 种植密度对夏玉米茎秆维管束结构及茎流特性的影响. 作物学报, 2014, 40: 1435–1442

Feng H J, Zhang S P, Ma C J, Liu P, Dong S T, Zhao B, Zhang J W, Yang J S. Effect of plant density on microstructure of stalk vascular bundle of summer maize (Zea mays L.) and its characteristics of sap flow. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40: 1435–1442 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[6]杨吉顺, 高辉远, 刘鹏, 李耕, 董树亭, 张吉旺, 王敬峰. 种植密度和行距配置对超高产夏玉米群体光合特性的影响. 作物学报, 2010, 36: 1226–1233

Yang J S, Gao H Y, Liu P, Li G, Dong S T, Zhang J W, Wang J F. Effects of planting density and row spacing on canopy apparent photosynthesis of high-yield summer corn. Acta Agron Sin, 2010, 36: 1226–1233 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7]刘铁宁, 徐彩龙, 谷利敏, 董树亭. 高密度种植条件下去叶对不同株型夏玉米群体及单叶光合性能的调控. 作物学报, 2014, 40: 143–153

Liu T N, Xu C L, Gu L M, Dong S T. Effects of leaf removal on canopy apparent photosynthesis and individual leaf photosynthetic characteristics in summer maize under high plant density. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40: 143–153 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[8]Modarres A M, Hamilton R I, Dijak M, Dwyer L M, Stewart D W, Mather D E, Smith D L. Plant population density effects on maize inbred lines grown in short-season environments. Crop Sci, 1998, 38: 104–108

[9]Rogério P S, Genivaldo D S S, Adalton M F, Mauricio D Z, Carlos A C C. Narrow row spacing and high plant population to short height castor genotypes in two cropping seasons. Ind Crops & Products, 2012, 35: 244–249

[10]HealthCarlos L B, Carlos A M, Amy T A, Ronald P. Canopy light and plant. Plant Physiol, 2012, 160: 145–155

[11]魏珊珊, 王祥宇, 董树亭. 株行距配置对高产夏玉米冠层结构及籽粒灌浆特性的影响. 应用生态学报, 2014, 25: 441–450

Wei S S, Wang X Y, Dong S T.  Effects of row spacing on canopy structure and grain-filling characteristics of high-yield summer maize. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2014, 25: 441–450 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[12]Mattera J, Romero L A, Cuatrín A L, Cornaglia P S, Grimoldi A A. Yield components, light interception and radiation use efficiency of lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) in response to row spacing. Eur J Agron, 2013, 45: 87–95

[13]苌建峰, 张海红, 董朋飞, 李潮海, 张学舜, 马俊峰. 种植模式对不同株型夏玉米品种生理生态效应比较. 玉米科学, 2014, 22(3): 115–120

Chang J F, Zhang H H, Dong P F, Li C K, Zhang X S, Ma J F. Comparison on physiological and ecological effects of planting patterns in summer maize with different morphological types. J Maize Sci, 2014, 22(3): 115–120 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[14]Mohammadi G R, Ghobadi M E, Sheikheh P S, Biofertilizer P. Row spacing and plant density effects on corn (Zea mays L.) yield and weed growth. Am J Plant Sci, 2012, 3: 425–429

[15]Carlos L B, Carlos A M, Amy T A, Ronald P. Canopy light and plant health. Plant Physiol, 2012, 160: 145–155

[16]Maddonni G A, Otegui M E, Cirilo A G. Plant population density, row spacing and hybrid effects on maize canopy architecture and light attenuation. Field Crops Res, 2001, 71: 183–193

[17]白伟, 孙占祥, 郑家明, 侯志研, 刘洋, 冯良山, 杨宁. 辽西地区不同种植模式对春玉米产量形成及其生长发育特性的影响. 作物学报, 2014, 40: 181–189

Bai W, Sun Z X, Zheng J M, Hou Z Y, Liu Y, Feng L S, Yang N. Effect of different planting patterns on maize growth and yield in western Liaoning province. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40: 181−189 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[18]杨利华, 张丽华, 张全国, 姚艳荣, 贾秀领, 马瑞昆. 种植样式对高密度夏玉米产量和株高整齐度的影响. 玉米科学, 2006, 14(6): 122–124

Yang L H, Zhang L H, Zhang Q G, Yao Y R, Jia X L, Ma R K. Effect of row spacing pattern on yield and plant height uniformity in highly-densed summer maize. J Maize Sci, 2006, 14(6): 122–124 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[19]Maddonni G A, Martínez-Bercovich J M. Row spacing, landscape position, and maize grain yield. Intl J Agron, 2014, 2014: 1–12

[20]张玉芹, 杨恒山, 高聚林, 张瑞富, 王志刚, 徐寿军, 范秀艳, 杨升辉. 超高产春玉米冠层结构及其生理特性. 中国农业科学, 2011, 44: 4367–4376

Zhang Y Q, Yang H S, Gao J L, Zhang R F, Wang Z G, Xu S J, Fan X Y, Yang S H. Study on canopy structure and physiological characteristics of super-high yield spring maize. Sci Agric Sin, 2011, 44: 4367–4376 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21]赵海新, 杨丽敏, 陈书强, 姜树坤, 黄晓群, 单莉莉, 潘国君. 行距对两个不同类型水稻品种冠层结构与产量的影响. 中国水稻科学, 2011, 25: 488–494

Zhao X H, Yang L M, Chen S Q, Jiang S K, Huang X Q, Shan L L, Pan G J. Effects of row-spacing on canopy structure and yield in different type rice. Chin J Rice Sci, 2011, 25: 488–494 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[22]Begna S H, Hamilton R I, Dwyer L M, Stewart D W, Smith D L. Effects of population density on the vegetative growth of leafy reduced-stature maize in short-season areas. J Agron Crop Sci, 1999, 182: 49–55

[23]马韫韬, 郭焱, 李保国. 应用三维数字化仪对玉米植株叶片方位分布的研究. 作物学报, 2006, 32: 791–798

Ma W T, Guo Y, Li B G. Azimuthal distribution of maize plant leaves determined by 3D digitizer. Acta Agron Sin, 2006, 32: 791–798 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[24]冯国艺, 姚炎帝, 罗宏海, 张亚黎, 杜明伟, 张旺锋, 夏冬利, 董恒义. 新疆超高产棉花冠层光分布特征及其与群体光合生产的关系. 应用生态学报, 2012, 23: 1286–1294

Feng G Y, Yao Y D, Luo H H, Zhang Y L, Dui M W, Zhang W F, Xia D L, Dong H Y. Canopy light distribution and its correlation with photosynthetic production in super-high yielding cotton fields of Xinjiang, northwest China. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2012, 23: 1286–1294 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[25]汤亮, 朱相成, 曹梦莹, 曹卫星, 朱艳. 水稻冠层光截获、光能利用与产量的关系. 应用生态学报, 2012, 23: 1269–1276

Tang L, Zhu X C, Cao M Y, Cao W X, Zhu Y. Relationships of rice canopy PAR interception and light use efficiency to grain yield. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2012, 23: 1269–1276 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[26]李妍妍, 景希强, 丰光, 何晶, 齐华. 玉米倒伏的主要相关因素研究进展. 辽宁农业科学, 2013, (4): 47–51

Li Y Y, Jing X Q, Feng G, He J, Qi H. The research progress on correlation factors of maize lodging resistance problem. Liaoning Agric Sci, 2013, (4): 47–51(in Chinese with English abstract)

[27]Carlos L B. Light regulation of plant defense. Annu Rev Plant Biol, 2014, 65: 335–363

[28]张晓丽, 边大红, 秦建国, 杜雄, 李军虎, 崔彦宏, 杜义英. 高密度条件下行距配置对夏玉米抗倒能力的影响. 玉米科学, 2012, 20(4): 118–121

Zhang X L, Bian D H, Qin J G, Dui X, Li J H, Cui Y H, Du Y Y. Effects of row spacing on lodging-resistance of summer maize under high density. J Maize Sci, 2012, 20(4): 118–121 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[29]郑亭, 陈溢, 樊高琼, 李金刚, 李朝苏, 荣晓椒, 李国瑞, 杨文钰, 郭翔. 株行配置对带状条播小麦群体光环境及抗倒伏性能的影响. 中国农业科学, 2013, 46: 1571–1582

Zheng T, Chen Y, Fan G Q, Li J G, Li C S, Rong X J, Li G R, Yang W Y, Guo X. Effect of plant and row allocation on population light environment and lodging resistance of strip sown wheat in drill. Sci Agric Sin, 2013, 46: 1571–1582 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[30]Muhammad S, Khan B M, Gul H, Azim K, Ijaz A K. Interference of horse purslane (Trianthema portulacastrum L.) with maize (Zea mays L.) at different densities. Pak J Bot, 2010, 42: 173–179

[1] WANG Dan, ZHOU Bao-Yuan, MA Wei, GE Jun-Zhu, DING Zai-Song, LI Cong-Feng, ZHAO Ming. Characteristics of the annual distribution and utilization of climate resource for double maize cropping system in the middle reaches of Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1437-1450.
[2] WANG Wang-Nian, GE Jun-Zhu, YANG Hai-Chang, YIN Fa-Ting, HUANG Tai-Li, KUAI Jie, WANG Jing, WANG Bo, ZHOU Guang-Sheng, FU Ting-Dong. Adaptation of feed crops to saline-alkali soil stress and effect of improving saline-alkali soil [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1451-1462.
[3] YAN Jia-Qian, GU Yi-Biao, XUE Zhang-Yi, ZHOU Tian-Yang, GE Qian-Qian, ZHANG Hao, LIU Li-Jun, WANG Zhi-Qin, GU Jun-Fei, YANG Jian-Chang, ZHOU Zhen-Ling, XU Da-Yong. Different responses of rice cultivars to salt stress and the underlying mechanisms [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1463-1475.
[4] YANG Huan, ZHOU Ying, CHEN Ping, DU Qing, ZHENG Ben-Chuan, PU Tian, WEN Jing, YANG Wen-Yu, YONG Tai-Wen. Effects of nutrient uptake and utilization on yield of maize-legume strip intercropping system [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1476-1487.
[5] CHEN Jing, REN Bai-Zhao, ZHAO Bin, LIU Peng, ZHANG Ji-Wang. Regulation of leaf-spraying glycine betaine on yield formation and antioxidation of summer maize sowed in different dates [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1502-1515.
[6] LI Yi-Jun, LYU Hou-Quan. Effect of agricultural meteorological disasters on the production corn in the Northeast China [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1537-1545.
[7] SHI Yan-Yan, MA Zhi-Hua, WU Chun-Hua, ZHOU Yong-Jin, LI Rong. Effects of ridge tillage with film mulching in furrow on photosynthetic characteristics of potato and yield formation in dryland farming [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1288-1297.
[8] YAN Xiao-Yu, GUO Wen-Jun, QIN Du-Lin, WANG Shuang-Lei, NIE Jun-Jun, ZHAO Na, QI Jie, SONG Xian-Liang, MAO Li-Li, SUN Xue-Zhen. Effects of cotton stubble return and subsoiling on dry matter accumulation, nutrient uptake, and yield of cotton in coastal saline-alkali soil [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1235-1247.
[9] KE Jian, CHEN Ting-Ting, WU Zhou, ZHU Tie-Zhong, SUN Jie, HE Hai-Bing, YOU Cui-Cui, ZHU De-Quan, WU Li-Quan. Suitable varieties and high-yielding population characteristics of late season rice in the northern margin area of double-cropping rice along the Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 1005-1016.
[10] LI Rui-Dong, YIN Yang-Yang, SONG Wen-Wen, WU Ting-Ting, SUN Shi, HAN Tian-Fu, XU Cai-Long, WU Cun-Xiang, HU Shui-Xiu. Effects of close planting densities on assimilate accumulation and yield of soybean with different plant branching types [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 942-951.
[11] WANG Lyu, CUI Yue-Zhen, WU Yu-Hong, HAO Xing-Shun, ZHANG Chun-Hui, WANG Jun-Yi, LIU Yi-Xin, LI Xiao-Gang, QIN Yu-Hang. Effects of rice stalks mulching combined with green manure (Astragalus smicus L.) incorporated into soil and reducing nitrogen fertilizer rate on rice yield and soil fertility [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 952-961.
[12] DU Hao, CHENG Yu-Han, LI Tai, HOU Zhi-Hong, LI Yong-Li, NAN Hai-Yang, DONG Li-Dong, LIU Bao-Hui, CHENG Qun. Improving seed number per pod of soybean by molecular breeding based on Ln locus [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 565-571.
[13] CHEN Yun, LI Si-Yu, ZHU An, LIU Kun, ZHANG Ya-Jun, ZHANG Hao, GU Jun-Fei, ZHANG Wei-Yang, LIU Li-Jun, YANG Jian-Chang. Effects of seeding rates and panicle nitrogen fertilizer rates on grain yield and quality in good taste rice cultivars under direct sowing [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 656-666.
[14] YUAN Jia-Qi, LIU Yan-Yang, XU Ke, LI Guo-Hui, CHEN Tian-Ye, ZHOU Hu-Yi, GUO Bao-Wei, HUO Zhong-Yang, DAI Qi-Gen, ZHANG Hong-Cheng. Nitrogen and density treatment to improve resource utilization and yield in late sowing japonica rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 667-681.
[15] DING Hong, XU Yang, ZHANG Guan-Chu, QIN Fei-Fei, DAI Liang-Xiang, ZHANG Zhi-Meng. Effects of drought at different growth stages and nitrogen application on nitrogen absorption and utilization in peanut [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 695-703.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!