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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (09): 1370-1380.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2017.01370


Interaction of Irrigation and Nitrogen on Water Consumption Characteristics and Yield in Oat Variety Longyan 3 in Northwest Oasis Irrigation Area

FENG Fu-Xue1,2,MU Ping3,ZHAO Gui-Qin1,*,CHAI Ji-Kuan1,LIU Huan1,CHEN Guo-Dong4   

  1. 1 College of Grassland Science, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070,China; 2 College of Engineering, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China; 3 College of Agronomy, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China; 4 College of Plant Science, Tarim University, Alear 843300, China
  • Received:2017-02-05 Revised:2017-04-20 Online:2017-09-12 Published:2017-05-19
  • Contact: Zhao Guiqin, E mail: zhaogq@gsau.edu.cn E-mail:fengfuxue@163.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the China Agriculture Research System (CARS-8-C1) and the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2014M552557XB).


Irrigation and fertilization, particularly nitrogen (N) fertilization, are principal field practices to stimulate crop growth and increase yield,and their interaction plays an important role in high-yield and high-efficiency cultivation of oat. In the 2014–2015 oat growing seasons, a field experiment was conducted with three irrigation amounts and three nitrogen application rates to study the effects of water-nitrogen interaction on 0–150 cm soil water consumption, soil evaporation, grain yield and water use efficiency (WUE) of oat variety “Longyan 3”. The three irrigation amounts were 270 (I1), 337.5 (I2), and 405 mm (I3), and the three N application rates were 90 (N1), 120(N2), and 150 kg ha-1 (N3). From sowing to maturity, the diurnal water consumption amount showed an increase–decrease trend, and the maximum consumption appeared at the duration of heading–filling. Under the same N application rate, the diurnal water consumption amount obviously increased with increasing irrigation amount. The soil evaporation (E) and the proportion of soil evaporation to evapotranspiration (E/ET) showed the decrease–increase tread in the whole growing period. Under the same N application rate, E and E/ET were enhanced with the increase of irrigation amount from jointing to filling stage, but declined from filling to harvest stage. The oat yield under a fixed N application rate had a positive relation to the irrigation amount, whereas, the WUE had the negative relation to the irrigation amount. For grain yield of oat, N3I3 ranked the top with yield of 5466.0–5727.5 kg ha-1, followed by N3I2 with yield of 5428.5–5678.5 kg ha-1, and N1I1 ranked the last with yield of 4504.5–4804.3 kg ha-1. For WUE, N3I2 was the best treatment with WUE of 12.11–12.82 kg mm-1 ha-1, followed by N3I1 with WUE of 12.04–12.63 kg mm-1 ha-1, and N1I3 was the worst treatment with WUE of 9.79–10.58 kg mm-1 ha-1. Obviously, water–nitrogen interaction had significant effects on WUE and yield of oat. Our results suggest that N application at 150 kg ha-1 coupling with irrigation amount of 337.5 mm is applicable in water-saving and high-yield production of oat in Northwest oasis area.

Key words: Oat, Water consumption characteristic, Water-nitrogen interaction, Water use efficiency (WUE)

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