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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (12): 2135-2142.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.02135


Relationship of Non-Structure Carbohydrate Production and Yield Components of Aerobic Rice, HD297

WEI Feng-Tong,TAO Hong-Bin,WANG Pu*   

  1. College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
  • Received:2010-06-21 Revised:2010-08-16 Online:2010-12-12 Published:2010-10-09
  • Contact: 王璞,E-mail:wangpu@cau.edu.cn,Tel:010-62733611

Abstract: In the system of “aerobic rice”, one of the problems is that the grain yield can not be improvedunder a relatively high N application rate. Production and translocation of non-structure carbohydrate (NSC) contributed greatly to grain yield. Moreover, nitrogen influenced these two procedures a lot through affecting photosynthesis and C metabolism. There have been many studies on the contribution of pre-anthesis and post-anthesis NSC to grain yield on wheat, lowland rice, etc., but little was done on aerobic rice. Therefore, production and translocation of NSC of HD297 was studied in a field experiment to explain the constraints for improving grain yield of HD297 under a relatively high N application rate. The results showed that the contribution of pre-anthesis NSC to grain yield was 32–54% and decreased slightly with 150 kg N ha-1. The translocation efficiency of NSC before anthesis was 48–65%. Compared with 0 kg N ha-1 treatment, the translocation efficiency of NSC decreased with 150 kg N ha-1. The amount of NSC supply to each spikelet decreased with 150 kg N ha-1, and thus reduced the thousand-grain weight. The percentage of filled grains increased with higher concentration of water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) in leaf and decreased with higher concentration of starch in panicle. Therefore, the low percentage of filled grains and thousand-grain weight were related to the poor NSC accumulation and translocation, which were the main limit factors for improving the grain yield with 150 kg N ha-1. Furthermore, the low production of photosynthetic assimilation after anthesis was another reason of yield limitation.

Key words: Aerobic rice, Contribution proportion, Nitrogen, Non-structure carbohydrate, Percentage of filled grains, Thousand-grain weight, Translocation efficiency

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