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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2013, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (09): 1635-1643.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2013.01635


Canopy Structure and Matter Production Characteristics of F1, F2, and Their Parents in Two Cotton Hybrids

FENG Guo-Yi1,2,GAN Xiu-Xia1,YANG Mei-Sen1,YAO Yan-Di1,LUO Hong-Hai1,ZHANG Ya-Li1,ZHANG Wang-Feng1,*   

  1. 1 Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology Agriculture of Xinjiang Construction Group / College of Agriculture, Shihezi University, Shihezi 832003, China; 2 Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Cotton in Huanghuaihai Semiarid Area, Ministry of Agriculture/ Cotton Research Institute, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050051, China
  • Received:2013-01-04 Revised:2013-04-22 Online:2013-09-12 Published:2013-07-09
  • Contact: 张旺锋, E-mail: zhwf_agr@shzu.edu.cn, Tel: 0993-2057326


A field experiment was conducted using the F1, F2 of two cotton hybrids of Shiza 2 and Xinluzao 43 and their parents NT2, H2, and 4-14. After measuring the leaf area index (LAI), leaf inclination angle (MTA) and light interception rate (LIR) at different growing periods, it is clear that the matter production of hybrid cotton was affected directly by the parameter changes of the canopy structure and photosynthetic characteristics of two cotton hybrids parents. The results revealed that the over-parent hereosis of F1 in two cotton hybrids was observed on LAI and mid-parent heterosis of them was provided with LIR. Both LAI and LIR were observed obviously with matrilineal genetic characteristics, while MTA was influenced by paternal inhentance. The canopy structure of F2 in two cotton hybrids was mainly influenced by the related parameters of F1 in hybrid cotton indexes and their decreasing rate. The decreasing rate was deduced by the over-parent hereosis on LAI. The photosynthate accumulation of F1 in two cotton hybrids was mainly influenced by the numerical value of their parents and over-parent hereosis, and the photosynthate accumulation of F2 in two cotton hybrids was mainly influenced by the related parameters of F1. The initial time of the highest increasing velocity of photosynthate accumulation and the linear increasing period was later, the linear increasing period and the active increasing period of photosynthate accumulation were longer, the total photosynthate accumulation and the highest increasing velocity were larger in two cotton hybrids. The photosynthate and yield were very high in F1 of hybrid cotton, and there was a high yield only in F2 of hybrid cotton. Based on choosing the parents with the optimizated canopy structure, we should be make a well combination between father plant with larger MTA and mother plant with larger LAI, which will be provides used for improving hybrid cotton photosynthetic performance, increasing light use efficiency for enhancing yield potential further. The study provided come theoretical parameters for breeding high photosynthetic efficiency hybrid line andimproving utilization of F2 in hybrid cotton.

Key words: Hybrid cotton, Canopy structure, Heterosis, F2

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