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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (04): 711-718.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.00711


Effects of Different Cultivation Methods on Growth Stage, Dry Matter Accumulation and Yield of Early Rice in Double Cropping Rice Field

TANG Hai-Ming1,PANG Huan-Cheng2,XIAO Xiao-Ping1,*,NIE Ze-Min3,TANG Wen-Guang1,YU Tian-Yi2,WANG Ke1,LI Qiang4,YANG Guang-Li1   

  1. 1 Hunan Soil and Fertilizer Institute, Changsha 410125, China; 2 Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China; 3 Nanxian Agricultural Bureau, Nanxian 413200, China; 4 Sanxianhu Agrotechnical Station, Nanxian 413202, China
  • Received:2013-09-03 Revised:2014-01-12 Online:2014-04-12 Published:2014-02-14
  • Contact: 肖小平, E-mail: hntfsxxping@163.com, Tel: 0731-84691345 E-mail:tanghaiming66@163.com


To explore the characteristics of growth and development of early rice with different cultivation methods in the double cropping rice system in the Dongting Lake plain, we analyzed the growth stage, dry matter accumulation and distribution, grain yield of early rice with conventional and hybrid rice varieties by using seedling throwing (ST), hand transplanting (HT) and machine transplanting (MT). The results showed that the growth process of ST and HT was earlier and their whole growth period was 5−8 and 2−4 days shortened than that of MT, respectively. For dry matter weight of population, there was significant difference among the three cultivation methods at the main growth stages of early rice, showing on order ST>HT>MT. The dry matter weight ratio of root and panicle to total plant at mature stage and the dry matter weight of stem were both in a trend of HT>ST>MT. The dry matter weight ratio of leaf to total plant was MT>HT>ST at tillering and heading stages, and HT>ST>MT at grain filling and mature stages, respectively. In addition, the leaf SPAD of rice with ST and HT was significantly higher than that with MT at tillering, heading and grain filling stages. But there was no significant difference among ST, HT and MT at mature stage. Meanwhile, the leaf area index for different cultivation methods was ST>HT>MT at the main growth stages of early rice. Yield of early rice with different cultivation methods was significantly different, and that of ST was the highest, while that of MT was the lowest. Compared with MT, the yield of ST and HT increased by 1203.3−1346.7 and 776.7−1045.4 kg ha-1, indicating that the dry matter accumulation and yield of early rice with different cultivation methods have their own characteristics. Compared with HT and MT, ST had significantly higher total dry matter accumulation and its reasonable distribution, and improved yield and yield components.

Key words: Rice, Cultivation method, Growth stage, Dry matter, Yield

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