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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1612-1618.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2015.01612

• RESEARCH NOTES • Previous Articles    

Responsiveness of Sweet Sorghum in Yield and Quality Related Traits to Environmental Factors

TANG Chao-Chen,LUO Feng,LI Xin-Yu,PEI Zhong-You,GAO Jian-Ming,SUN Shou-Jun*   

  1. College of Agronomy & Resources and Environment, Tianjin Agricultural University, Tianjin 300384, China
  • Received:2015-02-09 Revised:2015-06-01 Online:2015-10-12 Published:2015-06-12


The present study aims to elucidate the effects of environmental factors on the traits related to yield and quality in sweet sorghum, to quantify the responsive degree of sweet sorghum traits to the key factors, to analyze the requirements of environmental factors for high yield and quality, and to construct prediction models of yield. Based on the data of five traits and environmental factors obtained from six provinces of China in 2013 and 2014, we studied the responsiveness of sweet sorghum in five traits to environmental factors by the methods of RBF analysis and stepwise regression analysis. The results demonstrated that the environment was the dominant factor affecting the sweet sorghum traits, with greater effects than genotype and G×E interaction. Soil factors exerted more significant effects on sweet sorghum traits than meteorological factors. Precipitation, diurnal temperature difference, soil pH, organic matter, total nitrogen, and available potassium were important environmental factors determining fresh yield, sugar brix, juice yield, sugar yield and stem diameter in sweet sorghum. Organic matter, pH value and total nitrogen content of soil were the three most important environmental factors. The prediction models for fresh weight yield and total sugar yield were verified by significant test with high determination coefficient R2. The paper provides an accurate and reliable theoretical basis for ecological region division, planting management, high yield and good quality in sweet sorghum.

Key words: Sweet sorghum, Traits, Environmental factors, Responsiveness

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