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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (04): 571-580.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2017.00571


Effects of Mulch Farming with Different Films on Weed Infestation, Soil Moisture and Temperature, as well as Yield and Quality of Potato

ZHANG Shu-Min,NING Tang-Yuan,LIU Zhen,WANG Bin,SUN Tao,ZHANG Xue-Peng,HE Zhen-Kun,YANG Yan,MI Qing-Hua   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology / Key Laboratory of Crop Water Physiology and Drought-tolerance Germplasm Improvement, Ministry of Agriculture, Tai’an 271018, China
  • Received:2016-02-09 Revised:2017-01-21 Online:2017-04-12 Published:2017-02-10
  • Contact: Ning Tangyuan, E-mail: ningty@163.com E-mail:nxzhangsm@126.com
  • Supported by:

    The work was supported by the National Science and Technology Research Projects of China (2012BAD11B01), the Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest (201103001, 201503121-05), and the Shandong Provincial Technology Development Program (2014GNC111007).


Plastic film mulching is widely used on potato cultivation, however, leads to a serious “white pollution” and weed infestation. Three types of films including black-white match color film (BW), biodegradable film (BI), and common plastic film (CK), were used on mulching potato variety Helan 15 from 2013 to 2015, to study their effects on weed infestation, soil moisture and temperature, and yield and quality of potato in North China. BW and BI significantly decreased weeds densities by 44.1% to 58.5% and 26.7% to 38.3% compared with CK, respectively. CK had a higher warming effect than BW and BI during the earlier stages of potato growth, while BW had relatively small variations in daily temperature at the starch accumulation stage. Compared with CK and BI, BW treatment stored more soil moisture in the dry year (2014). Compared with CK, yields of BW in the normal (2013) and dry year (2014) increased by 6.2% and 8.2% respectively, and that of BI increased by 7.1% in dry year. However, there was no significant difference in yield between treatments in the wet year (2015). Compared with CK, the starch content in tubers of BW and BI increased by 18.3% to 37.6% and 7.0% to 28.9%, respectively; the vitamin C content of BW increased by 1.0% to 4.3%; however, the protein contents of BW and BI were lower. Therefore, mulch farming with black-white match color film and biodegradable film instead of common plastic film can decrease weeds densities and create suitable soil temperature and moisture conditions for improving yield and quality of potato.

Key words: Plastic film, Soil moisture and temperature, Potato, Yield, Quality

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