Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2008, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (06): 1051-1059.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2008.01051


Effects of Nitrogen Application on Forage Maize Planted in Two Soil Types in Agriculture-Animal Husbandry Ecotone of North China

DU Xiong12,ZUO Qi-Hua12,FENG Li-Xiao12,ZHANG Wei-Hong3,DOU Tie-Ling12,BIAN Xiu-Ju12,ZHANG Li-Feng12*   

  1. 1 College of Agronomy, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001, Hebei; 2 Zhangbei Agricultural Resource and Ecological Environment Key Field Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Zhangjiakou 076450, Hebei; 3 College of Plant Protection, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001, Hebei, China
  • Received:2007-12-05 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-06-12 Published:2008-06-12
  • Contact: ZHANG Li-Feng

Abstract: To solve the actual problems of shortage and bad quality of forages in current agriculture-animal husbandry ecotone of North China, a field experiment was conducted to study the effects of nitrogen application rate on biomass yield, forage quality, fertilizer and water use efficiencies of forage maize (Zea mays L.) in meadow chestnut and sand chestnut soils. The results indicated that nitrogen application increased the forage maize biomass yield by 36.1% and 106.0% in meadow chestnut and sand meadow chestnut soils, respectively, and significantly improved nitrogen absorption in forage maize plant. The nitrogen content in plant increased by 108.0% and 81.9% compared with that without nitrogen application, and the extravagant absorption of nitrogen by plant occured in meadow chestnut soil. Nitrogen application also increased the phosphorus content in forage maize plant by 10.9% in meadow chestnut soil, but decreased in sand chestnut soil. In the two soil types, the content and yield of crude protein and crude fat of the forage maize were enhanced significantly with the increase of nitrogen application. The yields of crude protein and crude fat increased by 1.60 and 2.10 times in meadow chestnut soil, and by 2.74 and 1.36 times in sand chestnut soil, respectively. The nitrogen application increased the water use efficiency (WUE) of the forage maize by 27%–45%, equivalent to a surplus supply of 82.5–135.7 mm water in meadow chestnut soil, and by 95%–97%, equivalent to a surplus supply of 294.9–258.5 mm water in sand chestnut soil. Thus it concluded that nitrogen for forage maize is an effective technique to improve biomass, nutrition quality, and fertilizer and water utilization efficiencies in the area, nitrogen applications of less than 200 kg ha-1 in meadow chestnut soil and more than 135 kg ha-1 in sand chestnut soil were appropriate to ensure high yield and good quality as well as high nitrogen fertilizer and water use efficiencies of forage maize.

Key words: Forage maize (Zea mays L.), Nitrogen application, Biomass, Nutrition quality, Nitrogen and phosphorus utilization, water utilization

[1] WANG Wang-Nian, GE Jun-Zhu, YANG Hai-Chang, YIN Fa-Ting, HUANG Tai-Li, KUAI Jie, WANG Jing, WANG Bo, ZHOU Guang-Sheng, FU Ting-Dong. Adaptation of feed crops to saline-alkali soil stress and effect of improving saline-alkali soil [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1451-1462.
[2] PENG Xi-Hong, CHEN Ping, DU Qing, YANG Xue-Li, REN Jun-Bo, ZHENG Ben-Chuan, LUO Kai, XIE Chen, LEI Lu, YONG Tai-Wen, YANG Wen-Yu. Effects of reduced nitrogen application on soil aeration and root nodule growth of relay strip intercropping soybean [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1199-1209.
[3] YUAN Jia-Qi, LIU Yan-Yang, XU Ke, LI Guo-Hui, CHEN Tian-Ye, ZHOU Hu-Yi, GUO Bao-Wei, HUO Zhong-Yang, DAI Qi-Gen, ZHANG Hong-Cheng. Nitrogen and density treatment to improve resource utilization and yield in late sowing japonica rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 667-681.
[4] ZHANG Jia-Kang, LI Fei, SHI Shu-De, YANG Hai-Bo. Construction and application of the critical nitrogen concentration dilution model of sugar beet in Inner Mongolia, China [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(2): 488-496.
[5] ZHANG Jian, XIE Tian-Jin, WEI Xiao-Nan, WANG Zong-Kai, LIU Chong-Tao, ZHOU Guang-Sheng, WANG Bo. Estimation of feed rapeseed biomass based on multi-angle oblique imaging technique of unmanned aerial vehicle [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(9): 1816-1823.
[6] YANG Zhi-Yuan, SHU Chuan-Hai, ZHANG Rong-Ping, YANG Guo-Tao, WANG Ming-Tian, QIN Jian, SUN Yong-Jian, MA Jun, LI Na. Comparison of tolerances to nitrogen fertilizer between compact and loose hybrid indica rice varieties [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(8): 1593-1602.
[7] WEI Huan-He, ZHANG Xu-Bin, GE Jia-Lin, MENG Tian-Yao, LU Yu, LI Xin-Yue, TAO Yuan, DING En-Hao, CHEN Ying-Long, DAI Qi-Gen. Dynamics in above-ground biomass accumulation after transplanting and its characteristic analysis in Yongyou japonica/indica hybrids [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(3): 546-555.
[8] SHI Xiao-Juan, HAN Huan-Yong, WANG Fang-Yong, HAO Xian-Zhe, GAO Hong-Yun, LUO Hong-Hai. Effects of chemical topping with fortified mepiquat chloride on photosynthetic characteristics of cotton leaves under different nitrogen rates [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(9): 1416-1429.
[9] TANG Jian,TANG Chuang,GUO Bao-Wei,ZHANG Cheng-Xin,ZHANG Zhen-Zhen,WANG Ke,ZHANG Hong-Cheng,CHEN Heng,SUN Ming-Zhu. Effect of nitrogen application on yield and rice quality of mechanical transplanting high quality late rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(01): 117-130.
[10] YAN Qing-Qing,ZHANG Ju-Song,DAI Jian-Min,DOU Qiao-Qiao. Effects of glycinebetain on photosynthesis and biomass accumulation of island cotton seedlings under saline alkali stress [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(7): 1128-1135.
[11] Li-Na JIANG,Jing-Li MA,Bao-Ting FANG,Jian-Hui MA,Chun-Xi LI,Zhi-Min WANG,Bao-Zhen HAO. Effect of lower water and nitrogen supply on grain yield and dry matter remobilization of organs in different layers of winter wheat plant in northern Henan province [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(6): 957-966.
[12] Fang NING,Yuan-Hong ZHANG,Peng-Fei WEN,Rui WANG,Qian WANG,Zhao-Yang DONG,Guang-Can JIA,Jun LI. Responses of maize growth and yield to nitrogen application in dryland under different precipitation conditions [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(5): 777-791.
[13] RU Xiao-Ya,LI Guang,CHEN Guo-Peng,ZHANG Tong-Shuai,YAN Li-Juan. Regulation effects of water and nitrogen on wheat yield and biomass in different precipitation years [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(11): 1725-1734.
[14] Hai-Xia WU,Li-Li GUO,Li-Hua HAO,Hao ZHANG,Qing-Tao WANG,Dong-Juan CHENG,Zheng-Ping PENG,Fei LI,Xi-Xi ZHANG,Shu-Bin LI,Ming XU,Yun-Pu ZHENG. Effects of Water and CO2 Concentration on Stomatal Traits, Leaf Gas Exchange, and Biomass of Winter Wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(10): 1570-1576.
[15] Shen-Bin YANG, Sha-Sha XU, Xiao-Dong JIANG, Chun-Lin SHI, Ying-Ping WANG, Shuang-He SHEN. Correcting the Response of Maximum Leaf Photosynthetic Rate to Temperatures in Crop Models [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(05): 750-761.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!