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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2013, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (01): 101-109.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2013.00101


Characteristics of Dry Matter Accumulation and Translocation in Rice Cultivars with High Yield and High Nitrogen Use Efficiency

LI Min1,2,ZHANG Hong-Cheng2,*,YANG Xiong2,GE Meng-Jie2,MA Qun2,WEI Hai-Yan2,DAI Qi-Gen2,HUO Zhong-Yang2,XU Ke2   

  1. 1 Rice Research Institute of Guizhou Province, Guiyang 550006, China; 2 Innovation Center of Rice Technology in Yangtze Rice Valley, Ministry of Agriculture, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
  • Received:2012-06-11 Revised:2012-10-09 Online:2013-01-12 Published:2012-11-14
  • Contact: 张洪程, E-mail: hczhang@yzu.edu.cn, Tel: 0514-87979220


The difference of dry matter production and translocation characteristics in low-yielding and low N-efficiency, high-yielding and medium N-efficiency, high-yielding and high N-efficiency rice cultivars was investigated using six representative japonica varieties under their optimum N supply levels, respectively. The results indicated that: with the increase of rice productivity, the total dry matter production amount significantly increased by 20.29% on average, and the dry matter accumulation amount and population growth rate increased on average by 15.05%, 27.04%, 24.75% and 15.05%, 28.38%, 23.00%, during the period before N-n (critical stage of productive tillering),from jointing to heading, and from heading to maturing, respectively, and decreased during the period from N-n to the jointing. Among the high-yielding varieties, with the nitrogen use efficiency increased, the tiller number per unit area at each growth stage showed a downward trend, and significantly reduced on average by 5.76%, 11.61%, 7.01%, and 5.70% at N-n, jointing, heading and maturing, respectively, but ratio of productive tillers to total tillers significantly increased. At each growth stage, the dry matter accumulation amount showed a declined tendency, and reduced on average by 12.18%, 10.54%, 8.29%, and 5.01% at N-n, jointing, heading and maturity, respectively, but harvest index significantly increased. During the period from heading to maturing, dry matter accumulation rate increased on average by 5.40%, the population growth rate increased on average by 5.19%. The results above showed that proper control for population growth before heading, maintaining a high growth rate after heading and a higher harvest index were the important dry matter accumulation characteristics of the cultivars with high-yielding and high nitrogen use efficiency.

Key words: Rice, High-yielding and high N-efficiency, Dry matter production, Dry matter translocation

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