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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 2169-2175.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.02169


Effects of Wheat Straw Returning and K Fertilizer Application on Yield and Nutrients Uptake of Cotton

ZHANG Fan1,SUI Ning1,YU Chao-Ran1,LIU Rui-Xian2,YANG Chang-Qin2,SONG Guang-Lei1,MENG Ya-Li1,*,ZHOU Zhi-Guo1   

  1. 1 Nanjing Agricultural University / Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology & Ecology in Southern China, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China;
    2 Institute of Industrial Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agriculture Science, Nanjing 210014, China
  • Received:2014-04-17 Revised:2014-09-16 Online:2014-12-12 Published:2014-10-16
  • Contact: 孟亚利, E-mail: mengyl@njau.edu.cn, Tel: 025-84396813 E-mail:2012101045@njau.edu.cn


A three-year stationary experiment with treatments of wheat straw (4500 and 9000 kg ha–1) mulching and K fertilizer (150 and 300 kg K2O ha–1) application was conducted using insect-resistant cotton under wheat-cotton double cropping system in the Lower Reaches of Yangtze River (Nanjing). The results showed that compared with control (without K fertilizer and wheat straw returning), total wheat straw returning significantly increased boll number, boll weight and lint yield of cotton with lint yield increasing rate of 143.5% and 93.7% in the second and third years after straw returning, respectively. Biomass and nutrients absorption at different growth stages were significantly improved by total wheat straw returning, especially in the boll opening stage, and the senescence of vegetative organs was delayed. Wheat straw returning promoted K absorption much greater than N and P absorption. Compared with control, total K uptake by cotton plant and K uptake per 100 kg lint increased by 335.1% and 112.1% respectively in the third year after straw returning. The treatment of total wheat straw returning much promoted nutrients uptake, yield, and delaying premature senescence than the treatment of half wheat straw returning, while significantly less than the treatment of 300 kg K2O ha–1. The yield-increasing effect was equal but the nutrients uptake per 100 kg lint was less in the treatment of total wheat straw returning than in the treatment of 150 kg K2O ha–1.

Key words: Wheat straw returning, K fertilizer, Cotton, Nutrients absorption, Yield

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