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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1537-1547.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2015.01537


Comparison of Yield and Resource Utilization Efficiency among Different Maize and Rice Cropping Systems in Middle Reaches of Yangtze River

LI Shu-Ya1,2,TIAN Shao-Yang1,YUAN Guo-Yin1,2,GE Jun-Zhu1,2,XU Ying1,WANG Meng-Ying1,CAO Cou-Gui1,ZHAI Zhong-Bing3,LING Xiao-Xia1,ZHAN Ming1,*,ZHAO Ming2,*   

  1. 展茗, E-mail: zhanming@mail.hzau.edu.cn, Tel: 027-87283775; 赵明, E-mail: zhaomingcau@163.net, Tel: 010-82108752
  • Received:2015-02-11 Revised:2015-06-01 Online:2015-10-12 Published:2015-06-29
  • Contact: shuyalimail@163.com


The development of maize production is important to solve the contradiction between maize production and requirement for people in the middle reaches of Yangtze River. With the rapid development of maize production recently, some new double cropping systems in a whole year such as spring maize-late rice, double season maize, early rice-autumn maize have been emerged in this region. In order to explore the extension potential of these double cropping systems in this region, four kinds of double cropping systems were tested in Wuxue, Hubei Province in 2013 and 2014, including traditional double season rice (RR), spring maize-late rice (MR), double season maize (MM) and early rice-autumn maize (RM). The field experiment with three replicates was conducted to analyze annual yield, use efficiencies of solar radiation, heat and water, and economic benefit of the four cropping systems. The results showed that annual yield of MR and MM were significantly higher than that of RM and RR. Compared with RR, MR increased annual yield, solar radiation productive efficiency, solar radiation use efficiency, accumulated heat productive efficiency, water use efficiency and economic benefit by 18.3%, 14.1%, 23.4%, 16.4%, 37.2%, and 44.3%, respectively; meanwhile, MM enhanced these paremeters by 13.5%, 8.1%, 26.1%, 11.4%, 88.8%, and 37.8%, respectively. The grain yield of spring maize was 30.6% higher than that of early rice, and there was no significant difference in yield between autumn maize and late rice. In comparison with early rice, spring maize increased accumulated heat productive efficiency, water use efficiency and economic benefit in the two years by 29.5%, 57.2%, and 96.1%, respectively. So the difference in annual yield of different cropping systems mainly results from yield difference between the first season spring maize and early season rice. The cropping systems of spring maize-late rice and double season maize are appropriate to be extended in the middle reaches of Yangtze River.

Key words: Maize and Rice Cropping system, Yield, Natural resource use efficiency, Economic benefit

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