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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (08): 1212-1219.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2015.01212


Response of Soil Microbial Characteristics and Soil Enzyme Activity to Irrigation Method in No-till Winter Wheat Field

YE De-Lian**,QI Rui-Juan**,GUAN Da-Hai,LI Jian-Min,ZHANG Ming-Cai*,LI Zhao-Hu   

  1. Engineering Research Center of Plant Growth Regulator, Ministry of Education / College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
  • Received:2015-01-29 Revised:2015-05-04 Online:2015-08-12 Published:2015-06-03
  • Contact: 张明才, E-mail: zmc1214@163.com, Tel: 010-62733049 E-mail:ye-delian@163.com


The purpose of this study was to understand the effects of conventional (150 mm, W1), water-saving (75 mm, W2), and zero (W3) irrigation on winter wheat yield, soil basal respiration, soil microbial biomass nitrogen (SMBN) and soil enzyme activities under no-till practice in North China Plain. Wheat yields in W1 and W2 were similar and significantly higher than that in W3. Water stress showed great influence on soil basal respiration and SMBN at jointing and filling stages, resulting in a significant decrease of soil basal respiration under W2 and W3 compared with that under W1, and a change of SMBN as W1 > W2 > W3. The activities of soil β-glucosidase, polyphenol oxidase, and urease declined with the decrease of irrigation quantity. Such influence was more sensitive in early growth period of wheat than in late growth period, particularly in the 0–10 cm soil layer. These results suggested that yield formation of winter wheat under no-till practice might result from the regualtion of soil microbial activity that received great impact of irrigation strategy.

Key words: Irrigation, Water stress, Soil enzyme activity, Soil basal respiration, Microbial biomass nitrogen

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