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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1472-1480.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2015.01472


Development, Field and Molecular Characterization of Advanced Lines with Pleiotropic Adult-Plant Resistance in Common Wheat

LIU Jin-Dong1,YANG En-Nian2,XIAO Yong-Gui1,CHEN Xin-Min1,WU Ling2,BAI Bin3,LI Zai-Feng4,Garry M. ROSEWARNE2,5,XIA Xian-Chun1,*,HE Zhong-Hu1,5,*   

  1. 1 Institute of Crop Science / National Wheat Improvement Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS), Beijing 100081, China; 2 Crop Research Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, China; 3 Wheat Research Institute, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730070, China; 4 College of Plant Protection, Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding 071001, China; 5CIMMYT-China Office, c/o CAAS, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2015-03-21 Revised:2015-05-04 Online:2015-10-12 Published:2015-05-25


Stripe rust, leaf rust, and powdery mildew are devastative fungal diseases of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in China, and breeding cultivars with pleiotropic adult-plant resistance is believed to be the most important solution to control these diseases effectively and environmental friendly. A total of 21 winter wheat advanced lines and 96 spring wheat advanced lines collected from adult-plant resistance breeding programs were used to estimate the level of resistance against the stripe rust, leaf rust and powdery mildew across several environments. Simultaneously, the distribution of pleiotropic resistance genes Lr34/Yr18/Pm38, Lr46/Yr29/Pm39, and Sr2/Yr30 were also detected using molecular marker closely linked to the target genes. The field test showed that 17 winter wheat lines (80.9%) and 85 spring wheat lines (88.5%) performed acceptable resistance against the three diseases. All the 21 winter wheat lines tested contain QPm.caas-4DL, of which seven contain QPm.caas-2BS and nine contain QPm.caas-2BL. Among the 96 spring wheat lines, 18 carry Lr34/Yr18/Pm38, 37 carry Lr46/Yr29/Pm39, and 29 lines possess Sr2/Yr30. These results indicate that molecular-marker-assistant selection in combination with conventional breeding is effective and applicable in developing pleiotropic adult-plant resistance cultivars, which provides a new thought for wheat resistance breeding.

Key words: Triticum aestivum L., Pleiotropic resistance, Adult-plant resistance, Stripe rust, Leaf rust, Powdery mildew

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