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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (07): 1058-1066.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2016.01058


Measurement of Evapotranspiration for Drip-IrrigatedWinter WheatUsing Large Weighing Lysimeter in Northern Xinjiang

LI Jie1,WU Yang-Huan2,CHEN Rui1,YANG Ping1,CHAI Shun-Xi1,CUI Jin1,MA Fu-Yu1*   

  1. 1 Agricultural College, Shihezi University / Key Laboratory of Oasis Ecology Agricultural of Xinjiang Bingtuan, Shihezi 832000, China; 2 Sixth Division Agricultural Science of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, Wujiaqu 831300, Xinjiang, China
  • Received:2015-11-04 Revised:2016-03-14 Online:2016-07-12 Published:2016-03-28
  • Contact: 马富裕, E-mail: mfy_agr@shzu.edu.cn, Tel: 0993-6650999 E-mail:lj880902@126.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31160260) and National High-tech Research and Development Program (863 Program) of China (2011AA100508).


Drip-irrigation is a promising water-saving technique in arid agricultural area. To sep up efficient drip-irrigation systems forwinter wheat grown in northern Xinjiang table land, we measured the evapotranspiration (ET) rate ofwheat field using large-scale weighing lysimeter and analyzed the temporal responses of ET (in growing phase, daily and hourly) to air temperature, relative humidity and wind speed. Three treatments were designed with irrigation amounts of 375 (D1), 600 (D2), and 750 mm (D3). During the whole growing period of wheat, daily ET rate varied in different phases, showing heading–milk > jointing–heading > milk–maturity >regreening–jointing > sowing–overwintering > overwintering–regreening. During a day, hourly ET was in high level from 8:00 to 20:00 and stable from 20:00 to 8:00 of next, which varied with weather condition. Under drip-irrigation condition, the ratio of soil evaporation to ET was 25.2–28.3% during the entire growing season. Soil evaporation could be predicted with soil moisture and leaf area index using a bivariate quadratic function(R2> 0.98). Based on a combination of yield and water use efficiency, we suggest 600–650 mm as the optimum irrigation amount under thedrip-irrigated winter wheat field.

Key words: Drip-irrigated, Winter wheat, Evapotranspiration, Evaporation

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