A pot experiment was conducted, using two rice cultivars Ningjing 1 (TCB sensitive) and Yangfujing 8 (TCB tolerant), with five concentration treatments (0, 10, 20, 40, and 80 mg TCB per kg dry soil) to explore the responses of two rice cultivars to TCB, and provide the basis for the high, stable, and safe production of rice. The results indicated that significant differences were found in the effects of TCB treatments on grain yield and photosynthetic parameters of flag leaf between the two cultivars. Plant height, fresh weight, and yield were significantly increased, chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic rate, intercellular CO2 concentration, transpiration rate, and qn were slightly increased, while Fv/Fm and Fv/Fo were slightly decreased in the low TCB concentration (10 mg kg-1) treatment of Yangfujing 8. Under the same condition, the net photosynthetic rate, CO2 intercellular concentration, transpiration rate, ΦPSII, Fv/Fm, Fv/Fo, qp, yield in Ningjing 1 were slightly declined with significant reduction of stomatal conductance. The photosynthetic characteristics, yield, plant height, fresh weight in Ningjing 1 were decreased significantly, while Yangfujing 8 showed more resistance and adaptation to TCB at 20 mg kg-1. Both cultivars showed significant decrease in growth, photosynthesis and yield in treatments with high TCB concentrations (40 and 80 mg kg-1), with the greater decrements in Ningjing 1. The effect of TCB on photosynthetic characteristics and yield of rice was not only related to TCB concentration, but also to cultivars. Low TCB levels slightly promoted the plant height, fresh weight, chlorophyll content, photosynthetic characteristics and rice yield in Yangfujing 8 that showed stronger tolerance to TCB than Ningjing 1, under high TCB concentrations (40 and 80 mg kg-1).